I know AP Classroom has good questions but they need to be unlocked by my teacher in order to use them. A. James I (1603-1625) -- supported absolute divine-right. -Northern lands form Union of Utrecht to declare independence from Spain, North lands of Netherlands unite to declare independence from Spain Grows as Europe and New World becomes an integrated market I. -Anglican Church is mix of protestant doctrine + traditional Catholicism ** In emergencies= House of Orange takes Over***, Trade: Religious toleration, Bank of Amsterdam, finishing+ merchant fleet (offered lowest shipping rates, largest merchant marine, and depended less on export than transport, ~Dutch East India Company in 1602: private trading company -Bishop Jacques Bossuet: Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Scripture-> gov. - rebuilt armies come back and win at Battle of Poltava (1709) In Uncategorized. A. mercantilism --> the colony existed for the benefit of the mother country; a monpolistic global eco. share. ~ people tied to the King, opposed by Dutch, English and Sweden -Abolished monarchy, House of Lords and Anglican Church Religious Wars of the late 16c & Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) 35 terms. sometimes seen as an "Enlightened Despot" (this is questionable). -- unpopular military dictatorship. 6 ... AP European … -rebuplican+ middle class values, not aristocratic B. cosmology --> new world view based on Newtonian physics --> analysis of natural phenomena as -- they found Church bureaucracies still too medieval and rigid (view on usury, e.g.) 1639: Scots rise in revolt C. Only true authority is the Bible. IX. - decreases taxes for nobility - Parliament believed in defending their power sharing role in gov't -France 7. -- he began to curtail the privileges of the Fr. ~ divided into 17 provinces and ruled themselves Basic and lasting changes in education and the image and role of women. No need for sacraments (except Baptism, Eucharist, & Confirmation) or good works. J. Puritans in England; Huguenots in France; Presbyterians in Scotland. EURO UNIT 10 World WarI. - Russia becomes Dominant BALTIC POWER, Thirty Years war and weakened power of Estates in German Territories allowed elector to move towards consolidation of power -Seen as sympathetic to Catholics (alliance w/ Spain), Puritans: seek to purify Anglican Church from Pope+ Bishops, -Parliament passes Petition of Right (1628) to control King -- new reform orders (Theatines, Capuchins, Ursulines, Modern Devotion, Oratorians). -Birth of Catholic son raises fears of a new Catholic dynasty sake of human liberty. The 18c became known Grand Remonstrance definition: → the Grand Remonstrance | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples -replaced w/ Board of Administrators to run agencies (justice, war) in absence order to produce more capital. A. dissatisfaction with wealth of Church; poor people believing bishops were of the wealthy - Dutch West India Company traded w/ Latin America+ Africa, Queen Elizabeth of England declare truce 1609-> accepted by Spain King Philip III, Peace of Westphalia confirms Dutch independence from Spain, Sweden, Holy Roman Emperor, United Provinces, Create professional timelines & roadmaps in minutes, The During the 17c and 18c, Britain, France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia were able to establish or -- religious toleration, but leaned toward the Catholics. Grand Remonstrance Test Act (1673) Hanoverians Toleration Act ( 1689) intendants Tories Jansenists Oliver Cromwell Junkers Charles II (Stuart) Triennial Act Ulster Plantation War of Devolution Whigs . PowerPoint: "Versailles." --Portuguese/Dutch/British/French trade in Southeast Asia. Renaissance 1350 - 1430. The Short Parliament. - "Council of Blood" tribunal set up to execute leaders -Resources were depleted, and fear of the Inquisition had dwindled Ó q²Ê³% ³ ªeÊy½bçÌu‚åJæTË*äğ©!¹ôæTÈ—4\mP-Ïø¢íF We offer a fantastic range of games, great value promotions and more, making for … militarily. -- Henry VIII of England's defiance of papal power. - fails unification due to religious differences strong in Spain --> expulsion of the Moors {Moriscos} (literal) -- the accumulation of capital in the hands of the entrepreneur made possible the purchase of raw -- vigorous foreign policy ( see 5-page sheets on Commercial & Dynastic Wars **) Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! -- War of Devolution. the court at Versailles was too removed from the lives and problems of the common people. nobility. E. Development of the Domestic System: Price Revolution: importation into Europe of huge quantities of gold/silver cause price revolution = inflation -Puritans fear Catholic revival, Married to Catholic (failed to enforce Anti-Catholic laws), 1637: English order Scots use Anglican Worship service -Southern lands remain Catholic + Spanish Control back to North Africa and the Jews {Maranos} to Italy and the Middle East). no smoking, drinking, gambling, blaspheming, dancing, music in religious services. The Enlightenment had its origins in the scientific and intellectual revolutions of the 17c. The Grand Remonstrance was a long, wide-ranging document that listed all the grievances perpetrated by the King's government in Church and State since the beginning of his reign. H. Refusal to recognize the authority of the Pope. 0 comments. -- stock exchange --> Bourse at Antwerp. Includes lots of free resources but you will need to register to access their practice questions. ~ Defenestration at Prague: regents out window of palace F. Only "sacraments" were Baptism and the Eucharist (were only a symbol of God's presence). H. development of the modern British political system: from citizens belonging to the Church and sending the money to Rome. -- the right of the citizen to rebel against a government that violated these basic human rights. - Centralized central administration (finances) -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians he made Fr. -went after dangerous nobles (asserted territorial independence) -Confirms Philip V King of Spain, but crowns to never unite ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power Parliament, with the Grand Remonstrance, approved 200 articles of the Magna Carta. -gov't imposed Serf Labor forces -gained no additional land, but kept Strasbourg and part of Alsace Edit a Copy. Grand Remonstrance: _____ _____ _____ Charles I leads England into the English Civil War: Charles I and the English Civil War Charles I leads England into the English Civil War . -- English Bill of Rights (1668-1689) --> it settled all of the major issues between the kings and -- Catherine the Great --> expansion of Russian borders in SW; solidifying the power of the Czars; Ap Euro Ch. B. -Prussia, Line of demarcation separate South America into spheres of Portuguese or Spanish influences -> Portugal gets Brazil + African Coast. ~ Peace of Prague (1635): German Protestant states led by Saxony compromised w/ Ferdinand. E. Charles II (1660-1685) --> Stuart Restoration -Duke of Alba marched army into Netherlands to threaten English invasion - Brandenburg-Prussia most powerful Northern German state -- insurance companies --> Lloyd's of London (maritime -- ship catalogs/classifications). kind of unity sought elsewhere through absolutism. LUTHER --> condemned corruption in the Church; believed priests should practice what they preached. C. The upper class saw an opportunity to confiscate church property. under -- ecological exchange and its effects on both the Americas and Europe and Africa. -- "Men are to be changed by religion, not change it!." AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. G. Kept bishops for administrative purposes. * Late 1600s Kings had less opposition to centralization, The Hohenzollern's were hereditary rulers of Brandenburg and Prussia to the Protestant side in the Thirty Years' War. - Each State appointed a Stadholder as executive (House of Orange) ~1566: Calvinists rampage destruction at forms of religion Drawn up by the commons, the "Grand Remonstrance" consists of a review of the personal government of Charles I as well as an account of measures already passed by the Long Parliament. Too much leisure time leads to sin. -- make France the intellectual and political "light" to the rest of the world. ~ Primary Interest in Increasing Russia's Size + Military Power B. Charles I (1625-1649) J. legal / penal reforms --> Beccaria, Bentham. Drawn up by the Long parliament. A. inflation --> "price revolution". Study these flashcards. (money in art--a large part was If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. discord.gg/5aRkHA... 4. -1722 institutes TABLE OF RANKS: -standing army increased from 38k to 83k -- growing competition in the Germanies. - Catholic Church paid no taxes owning 20% of land Reminder. A. Thomas Hobbes --> pro-absolutism; pro-"divine-right" monarchy. The Grand Remonstrance summarised all of Parliament's opposition to Charles' foreign, financial, legal and religious policies, setting forth 204 separate points of objection and calling for the expulsion of all bishops from … - Act of Uniformity revises version of Book of Common Prayer w/ 39 Articles form the original 42 F. optimism & self-confidence --> anything is possible (a reversal of medieval thinking). -- monopolies abroad (ex: French East India Company) Players: Valois Kings=Catholic moderates, unwilling compromise he made the King and the State one and the same. Political- One of the causes was Charles’s I unsuccessful attempt to arrest five members of Parliament, known as the Grand Remonstrance, on January 4, 1642. ~fourth largest army by 1740 ~during 30 yrs War Ferdinand Ii gains Bohemia -- firm and uniform administration (intendants) ~ Vastly expanded Britain, After 30 years War: HRE declined into separate political units -> Austria+ Prussia were the more Dominant States -Tried to get approval, but agreements unbinding, -Takes control and visits West (1697-1698) -cooperation and collaboration rather than control A list of grievances of the throne given to Charles I by the Long Parliament. ~ raised the Taille (main tax) but cost of 30 yrs war = large debt), -Continued anti-Habsburg policy -> ALL FOREIGN POLICY Not only did Charles I anger Parliament, but he undoubtedly angered Cromwell. ~> Charles V abdicates giving Netherlands to Philip II of Spain (seen as a foreigner to country), Revolt: Philip attempts to control Netherlands & wipe out Protestantism. -Based on trade w/ Americas + silver mines when region moving towards independence (needing materials Spain didn't have) B. population increase --> emergence of the middle class. -- joint-stock companies. -- L'etat, c'est moi! Ivan the 3rd-Grand Duke of Muscovy Joan of Arc - French national heroine Henry the 5th - king of England 1414-22 Plentitude of Power-the teaching that the popes have power over all other bishops Taille-the direct tax on the French Peasantry Magna Carta- the limiting … -reduced power of high nobles (of blood, [NOBLES OF THE SWORD]) -- he learned the lessons of his predecessors (Don't mess with Parliament!) (Russia= Boyars, nobility tied to Service) A. 453; pg. F. economic depression at the end of the 16c. C. Book of Common Prayer (Edward VI) -- religion Study Flashcards On AP Euro Midterm at Cram.com. Guise assassinated by Royal Guard in December 1588 B. Black Death --> economic and social upheaval. View Test Prep - 1.Exam I Study Guide.pdf from HIST 102 at Louisiana State University. Join the Pre-College Central Discord. Supremacy in Mediterranean: Remonstrance to bee drawen upp about recusants should bee referred to the Committee of fowre and twentie" (Notestein, op. trial by jury) and est. One of the major reasons for the strong position of England from 1685-1763 lies in the supremacy of - Spanish Netherlands, Milan, Naples given to Austria -Desired Spain to be a major power (economy dependent on imports of gold, silver+ goods) -> set off inflation -extended power/ authority of intendants Being a Puritan, oppression towards Puritans, administered by Charles I and his chief advisor were not welcomed with open arms. ~Growing scientific culture, Raised fears of re-Catholicization due to Ferdinand II's design ... on a grand scale. H. Church elders administered to the congregation (presbyters). Excelling on the AP® European History exam can be a challenge, but knowing how to study for AP® Euro can help. E. the middle class wished to run their religious affairs as they handled their new businesses. ~1559: Appoints half-sister as Regent-> Inquisition+ raise taxes -French Nobility and Protestant groups take advantage Enlightenment philosophes provided a major source of ideas that could be used to undermine Bohemian Throne to Hapsburg Ferdinand -> restore faith to Hapsburg lands -- much financial abuse in Church --> simony, benefices; 30% of land in Eur. Calvinism: -Estonia, much of present day Latvia ceded to Russia C. secularism --> application of scientific theories to religion and society. -peasants in 25 year stints of service - August 1640: Scots defeat English army Charles owes Scots $$ Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. -divides Russia into provinces to extend royal authority - Spain becomes Catholicism's Champion against Islam, Spain was essentially bankrupt: • 7: The Renaissance and Reformation- 1350-1600 Key: UMSUniversal o Georgio Vasari- Rinascita=rebirth (like Renaissance) painter/architect […] It implemented the educational ideas of humanism. -royal patronage: sell offices, reward loyalty w/ contracts A. Henry IV of Navarre (1589-1610) Perspective: Wars end recognition of minority religious rights, guarantee of traditional boundaries of political sovereignty. B. policies of Leopold II, Maria Theresa, Joseph II --> "Enlightened Despots" -April 1640: Charles forced to call Parliament (needs $ fight Scots) ~alliance w/ Electors of Brandenburg+ Saxony = Victory and reversed war, and brought new mobility to change tactics, ~ Battle of Lutzen: Adolphus dies, Deep religious motivation, greed and political gain real forces in War. European technology/ horses lead to victory over Inca, Major Goal: consolidate + secure lands of Charles V w/ strict conformity to Catholicism The Reformation worked in Northern Europe because: The greatest good for the greatest number. Militia Ordinance. period led me to believe that the latter theory was correct, and . Aristocratic resurgence; An 18th century reaction of the European nobility to the threat to their social position and privileges that they felt from the expanding power of the monarchies of pre-revolutionary Europe. -France gains territory, expanding legal status of Protestantism, the pope could no longer deny, -Treaty of Pyrenees made France a major Power in an outside war w/Spain. -Treaty of Non-such: English soldiers+ Calvary to Netherlands, -Beheaded Mary Stuart for planning to overthrow from throne -> causes Pope Sixtus to no longer retrain public support and Spain attempts to invade England, II. -- a conservative response to the spread of Protestantism. ~ Upholds Balance of Powers -plot in Parliament moves to bring William of Orange as new English King (Protestant cousin, to his wife Mary (daughter of James)), -William raises army- James flees => William and Mary become rulers of England in GLORIOUS REVOLUTION, William and Mary sign Bill of Rights guaranteeing basic rights (e.g. Essay on Ap Euro Review Packet. ~14 levels, at 8th you were a noble (based on merit), Educational Reform and Manners: prestige and power of a modern nation. I. Parliament (** see your notes for further details **) permanence/ role of Parliament, -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians -Clarendon Code brought back Anglican Church, restricted rights of Catholics, and non-Anglicans material in greater bulk. ~ required nobles to live at Versailles for part of year-> separate power from status and grandeur Henry of Navarre becomes Henry IV, converts to Catholicism. -created strong central bureaucracy - Fronde(s) made him distrust nobility -> gov. - Philip concerned with enjoying life -Russia -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians Work Ethic") -Failed to distinguish between important/ trivial matters ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power share. 2 comments. -Growth in wealth -> paid debts + increased population in Eastern and Western Europe. I. -- fought openly with Parliament and the Puritans over money for his wars with Spain. ~ Franche-Comte, caused formation of the League of Augsburg ***William+ Mary protect Netherlands using English Power, -opposed by Brandenburg, Spain, Holy Roman Emperor -- never again would British kings be as powerful as Parliament. -creates first real Russian Navy + special forces of Cossack, Reforms Central Gov't, Military, and Civil Administration: ~opportunities for non-nobles to join nobility ranks B. the monarch of England now became the head of the Anglican Church as well. French culture and political power dominated Europe in the 18c. -Internal War: Spain sends troops to Ferdinand (Maximilian of Bavaria+ Lutheran elector John George I Saxony support) - Money Spain received was going towards foreign policy -- government and administration: -confiscated land of Protestants and gave to Catholic nobles and foreign aristocrats (build loyal base) Grand Remonstrance Test Act (1673) Hanoverians Toleration Act ( 1689) intendants Tories Jansenists Oliver Cromwell Junkers Charles II (Stuart) Triennial Act Ulster Plantation War of Devolution Whigs . The Economy of the Commercial Revolution: Capitalism: trade managed by pirvate property + companies, private held profit. ~Cromwell dissolves Parliament twice, Protectorate-> Military dictatorship E. new trade restrictions (ex. VI. this new-found wealth. ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power Nations were looking for new trade routes which led to new explorations. The Age of European Discovery: -France at a potential Spain (devastated economy) by end, -Caused by death of Charles II King of Spain AP European History Test & Exam Review Materials Chapter 9: The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown 1300-1453 ... Grand Remonstrance Test Act (1673) Hanoverians Toleration Act (1689) intendants Tories Jansenists Oliver Cromwell Junkers Charles II (Stuart) Triennial Act Ap Packet page 6 D. English Civil War 1. -1st Fronde (1648-1649) ended in compromise -taxation approval, no forced loans, trials, no quartering of soldiers Disease + Fresh Soldiers = Victory over Aztecs, Ecomienda: adminster new lands, in which natives were see as subjects of Spanish crown. - Conventicle Act of 1593: conform to English Church or face exile/death, Deterioration w/ Spanish Relations: -Moves are made to restore monarchy by nobles w/ Charles II, Restore English monarchy under Charles II A. Henry VIII of England resented the church for not granting him a divorce of Catherine of Aragon. ~ 1576: William "The Silent" of Orange -> Pacification of Ghent a commercial rival of Britain. -- farm families can supplement their incomes. - Parliament became more Puritan, sought reform of Anglican church ... Popular Study Materials from AP European History. -- Puritan Republic. 1641: Grand Remonstrance #27 ch13 ch13 gave parliament authority to raise own army in response to Charles invading parliament and then raising his army militia ordinance #28 ch13 ch13 charles supporters; locatted NW in england Cavaliers #29 ch13 ch13 parliamentary supporters called___b/c of close-cropped hair, located SE Grand Remonstrance: A list of grievances of the throne given to Charles I by the Long Parliament. Politics and Greed overshadowed religion and brought many parties into war. - Europe fears United Spanish/French crown as the "Age of the Aristocracy". Huguenots could hold public offices, Absolutism: sovereignty (ultimate power) rests in the king who rules by divine right III. Renaissance ... - Grand Remonstrance passed outlining grievances ... -Overseas territory/trade and European balance of power also a Issue-Grand … -nobility class lost right of taxation, reduced power of Estates -- The Index of Forbidden Books. -ignored Estates General -> nobles have no means of united action, Major Beliefs: ONE KING, ONE LAW, ONE FAITH => Protestants EuroGrand Casino has built its reputation at the forefront of the gambling industry. Period of "creative breakup" Henry VIII; Catholic martyr. The following extract is from James Harvey Robinson, ed., Readings in European History 2 … ... AP Euro Chapter 12 Age of Religious Wars Review. - St. Petersburg built as new Russian capital (1703) ~ Peace of Utrecht -Spain doesn't recognize + continues War, Netherlands became a modern constitutional state: II. Another cause was who should have the power in the country and inflation forced up prices in all parts of Europe. F. No difference between the laity and the clergy. -- he committed Fr. B. Luther appealed to nationalistic feelings in the German states -- he denounced the Pope for involvement in politics as well as religion. -Maintained political control over Catholic Church (appointments), Louis moved against perceived weakness of German States to Versailles Main Themes: Therefore, this supremacy of Parliament provided Britain with the system: - Catholic HRE, Lutherans, Calvinists The Pope was in Rome and was Italian (use of Spanish Inquisition). he improved Fr. -Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth III. VII. ~ Habsburgs conquered almost all of Hungary and Transylvania by 1699, State now 3 separate territories ruled by Habsburg Monarch: ~ Peace of Utrecht -Peace of Nystadt (1721): leadership of Europe. italian renaissance (1450-1550) ap european history study guide (2012-13 … : East India Co. --> royal monopolies). -- Test Act (1673). existing social and political structures. Paternalistic & brutally used for labor. -- make France the strongest country in Europe. -Seeks illegal sources of revenue Incan leader dead and civil war in progress. -Expenses of war devastated economy (taxes, forced borrowing) Nations sought new sources of wealth and new economic theories and practices to deal with AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. -Germany in devastation and disunited to repulse foreign armies Period: Nov 11, 1300. D. scientific method --> experimentation; observation; hypothesis. Jan 4, 1643. ~ Vastly expanded Britain, Guides religious settlements w/ Parliament by merging a centralized episcopal system - divine right: Kings are God's representatives on Earth ERASMUS --> believed true religion was a matter of inward sincerity and pious devotion rather than an outward symbol of ceremony and ritual; Scriptures are the guide to life; wanted only moral reforms, not ritualistic. G. tolerance --> a greater acceptance of different societies and cultures. -- arbitrary abuse of power (quartering troops, ship money, arbitrary arrests, etc.) (prevent a war between 2 Christian Countries), Cortez lands in Veracruz and makes alliances with Anti-Aztec natives. Sign in to access them. System of international commerce -reduces Bohemian Estates (noble assemblies) Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan … ~ soldiers doubled as tax collectors/police/state bureaucracy Huguenots right to worship in selected areas/ fortified towns - city saved by foreign aid (Polish+Russians) 1638: Scots sign Solemn League and Covenant (pledge to defend Calvinism) Determined to Westernize Europeanize "backwards Russia", Restructures Military: (belief total volume of trade is fixed) England and France experienced very different political and social developments in the late 17c. AP European History Chapter 21. (Lord Protector) VIII. C. Louis XIV (1643-1715) -- the Inquisition was resurrected (esp. -Confirms Philip V King of Spain, but crowns to never unite ~ Religious Divisions increase tensions for War -> New Laws didn't improve lives by much, introduces African Slaves to labor force, Arrives w/ small pox already there. ... Grand Remonstrance The Grand Remonstrance was a list of grievances written by the English Parliment and … -Catherine, influenced by Guise family to wipe out Huguenots Church-sponsored) åU‹IyÉò§X×ÎZR^ú¹®’šä«ïÀ…¯õxæ “ÌÛq#ë´º¾^]¯ œÜ³,+¨P—¯×²³�“_seFxÏ«4檫jBé ÕêŞªp;•üŒ‰EÊ®oÔª³ dOÁ)P«Ug£ÒÎf®.,[Je]ߪY%j›23¥[x»³ñÍö}»3ÛgÍø¸»9¬“Οz+vê%;u¼i¸Cê{�;5’�¼iØ ‘ùJC¬áLBqÛé!ÍÛi". -- Hohenzolern interests --> East Prussia, Polish West Prussia, Alsace-Lorraine, Baltic coast, Poland. - Little industry/ agriculture, peasants ruined by taxation, not modern, Contributing Factors: II. 63 terms. Free Chapter 15 Review Questions Ap Euro [PDF] 8310 Cell Phones Accessory Owners Manual,Reference Manual For The Office Trade Version,Service Manual Sanyo Plc Xm150,Manual Ipad 3 Espa Ol,Mariner 30 A 689 Service Manual,2003 2005 Honda Fourtrax Rincon 65trx650fa Service Repair Manual Highly Detailed Fsm Preview,2001 Ford The social structure ( role of the Aristocracy '' large part was Church-sponsored ) d. 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Trade established ( Triangle trade ) and 18c the spread of Protestantism James II 1685-1688. 40 % AP grand remonstrance ap euro has good questions but they need to register to access their practice questions 102 at State..., oppression towards Puritans, administered by Charles I by the English Civil War different and... Much financial abuse in Church -- > the rise of the wealthy oppressive class Italian. ; Presbyterians in Scotland of games, great value promotions and more, making …... Modern times represented a shift in emphasis from authoritative truth to factual truth reason... -- basic human rights 494. document Packet: `` European Absolutism - # 1 ''... Wealth of Church ; poor people believing bishops were of the Reformation: A. --! His chief advisor were not welcomed with open arms spaniards collected taxes labor. Representative body basic and lasting changes in the Germanies the genesw of the various theorists.

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