Spraying a light guide-coat on the surface prior to sanding shows the high and low areas, and helps keep the body lines straight as you sand. It allows you to put an even coat of stain on the entire piece, because it soaks into the wood evenly. Flat Out Flat is made with a stable self cross-linking acrylic instead of urethane. 2. Mist buffing pad with Presta lubricating material when it gets too dry. Don't double up the application of your stain on any areas that have been completed because this will cause a color change. Sherry applied one coat of basic water-based sealer, and then for our second coat we tried this “Triple Thick” version to hopefully add extra protection and durability. On flat surfaces, brush side to side, and front to back. Whether you're restoring an old piece of furniture, or building a brand new one, you're going to want to bring it to life with stain and finish. They not a forever product. Product Spills In most cases, the white mark will recover and fade within an hour if the spill is cleaned up in a timely manner. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. WARNING: WARNING: When in doubt, waiting longer is always better. Enduro Clear Poly Water Based Topcoat Product Overview, How GF Tests Color Pull on Water Based Stains Against The Competition, Flat (10 or less), Satin (25-35), Semi-Gloss (50-60), Gloss (80+), Brush, Roll, Spray, Pints, Quarts, Gallons, 5 Gallon pails, 65-75 sq.ft./pint, 125-150 sq.ft./quart, 500-600 sq.ft./gallon, Watch the High Performance Product Overview Video. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow. What is the difference between professional Enduro Clear Poly and High Performance Topcoat? Clumps & Settling Spray Presta polish on buffing pad stuff to lubricate the pad. Pry open sealed lids with a paint can opener by hooking under the lid's rolled edge. The best sealer for chalk paint is General Finishes Top Coat which does an outstanding job of preserving the look, feel, and color of chalk paint. After that, polish the surface using water and an automotive polishing compound. Can you explain about the number of grits in sandpaper and the differences between a low number and a high number? Store in moderate temperatures. Always test before proceeding with the entire project when using General Finishes projects with other manufacturer's products. Finally, polish the surface by hand using a felt-based block. I can vouch, if you had used the stone age Minwax poly (of years ago) it would have taken 2-3 days (or more) to achieve a surface you can sand. Wood conditioner is recommended for softer woods. Clean the chime of the can thoroughly with a paper towel before closing to create a complete seal. You will want to apply several coats of finish to your wood. Possible solution: Porous paints such as chalk paint may require additional coats of High Performance Topcoat to seal off the paint. Do I need to sand all my wood if I'm using polyurethane? NOTE: Never wet sand a water-based finish. Thank you.". Some contaminants, such as silicone, seep through finish into the wood and often cannot be removed. He has been a construction professional since 1987. See video tutorial: Tips on Storing Leftover Finishes You will want to apply several coats of finish to your wood. When you dip the rag or brush in the stain make sure not to let it drip anywhere you don’t want it to go. Some areas may just have quirks that can't be completely removed. This article was co-authored by Mark Spelman. It is easy to apply flawlessly, but will not help a piece withstand wear and tear. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. You have probably tried to touch up white woodwork in your home after several years and noticed the new paint is brighter. http://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/wood-finishing-tips, http://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/wood-finishing-tips#5, http://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/wood-finishing-tips#11, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A, Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. More specifically, finishing means applying one of many kinds of protective coating, usually clear, generically called "finish". Leaving excess stains on the wood won’t affect the color very much, but can leave blotches and an uneven surface. This article has been viewed 256,079 times. Always include a clause in your contracts addressing the need for additional coats to achieve coverage. By using our site, you agree to our. If you see blemishes you may need to sand the wood again. For that reason, High Performance is the best choice for high use areas such as table tops and kitchen cabinets. Foam brushes tend to produce a smoother finish which can be particularly helpful on flat horizontal surfaces. Here are some options to try. Whatever horrible paint or wallcovering may have been used before, you can make a new start with B-I-N. Zinsser B-I-N 1 qt. *What is the Best Applicator to use for Milk Paint and Water Based Topcoat? This is normal. If the flaws in the wood aren't sanded away, the finish that is applied will only highlight and expose any marks or scratches. Water-based polyurethane is the best finish for bare wood, as it highlights the features of the wood itself, such as the grain and the natural color. High Performance Warnings and Warranties ", "This can help me do lot more. If in doubt, wait longer. General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using. Wiping varnish (oil-based polyurethane thinned 50% with paint thinner) is the best application for stained, decorative pieces. Dry 2+ hours between coats in ideal conditions: 70°F 21°C; 50% humidity. Enduro Clear Poly is slightly more durable than High Performance in the categories of wear, water, and chemical resistance. Shellac-Based White Interior\Spot Exterior Primer and Sealer can be used in low temperatures and sticks to any surface without sanding. There is no reliable way to predict whether yellowing will occur and to what degree. Let oil-based finishes dry for 72 hours before applying High Performance or Flat Out Flat top coat. The following best practices will increase the life of your product: The following water-based product mixtures can be stored: The following product mixtures should NOT be stored: Cure First Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Layer 3. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Not every piece of furniture is suitable for upcycling with a light paint color. High Performance does not streak over a sealed surface when properly applied. High Performance can also be applied by hand with a foam/bristle brush. Regular Cleaning and Maintenance. Using a wood conditioner should help alleviate the issue. Raw wood can bleed tannins immediately after the topcoat dries or months later with seasonal temperature changes. Stain Blocker may improve adhesion and prevent bleed-through for painting projects. This is a guesstimate as GF cannot assist with the performance of another manufacturer's product used in conjunction with our own finishes. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Order online at Screwfix.com. We suggest a fairly liberal application with a large applicator such as a foam roller or a pad applicator. When you can sand it to a dry powder, it is ready for the next coat. Using a foam brush will accent the streaking due to the number of strokes needed. Don’t sand against the grain. Never use water as a lubricant. What can I use to prevent water stains or rings? The purpose of Sanding Sealer is to seal the wood and form a base coat for a protective clear finish. Apply several coats of lacquer, then buff the surface with sandpaper, starting with 600-grit sandpaper, and working your way up to 2000-grit. Mark Spelman is a General Contractor based in Austin, Texas. Inability to reincorporate large, chunky lumps after stirring for several minutes is an indication that the product has frozen and can no longer be used. Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid. Pine, mahogany, and furniture of the 1940s and 50s are a red flag. The lower the number, the coarser the sandpaper. Choose this product if you want a finish that looks more like wax and your project will not require high use. Gravity can cause some solids to settle on the bottom of the can and slight separation on the top. Then apply very light coats (800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon) of the wax. Remove fingerprints, cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water. Dry Time Between Coats Every existing finish is different and we rarely know the finishing provenance on an existing piece. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Do not get on skin or clothing. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. You can use oil-based stain and put a water-based polyurethane on top. ​​​​​​Bristle brushes are particularly helpful on vertical and detailed surfaces but they can produce subtle texture. Yes. Alternative storage containers for water-based products are plastic FIFO bottles or glass bottles. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Keep from freezing. Always follow best practices by not rushing, and testing to your satisfaction first. Repeat steps 3-7 again. 1. Thin as desired with distilled water; start with 5%, increase up to 10% by volume. Start slowly, monitor to see if buildup is occurring. Go over your brush strokes several times to spread the stain out and create a smooth area. If you skip this critical step, your finish may fail. Second, we recommend applying a sanding sealer to protect the top. This was evident in the areas that you used the brush to remove excess topcoat. Water-heavy finishes will sometimes swell wood fibers unevenly. What is the difference between Flat Out Flat and High Performance Topcoats? Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Apply at least two more coats for a thorough, even finish over the first coat, which might be more heavily sanded than usual for a finish coat. Use only with adequate ventilation. can also cause bubbles. Clear embossing powder is popularly used in crafts because it can be melted in a special melting pot and then used as a clear coating material. It is normal to see a bit of stain on the brush when applying the first coat of topcoat. BUFFING/POLISHING WITH PRESTA POLISHING KITS. Remove any streaks that occur by buffing with fine-grade (220-320) sanding pad, or sanding well and re-coating. This article has been viewed 256,079 times. unlocking this expert answer. There is always a small amount of color pull when using water-based stains, but the smooth surface escalates this condition. This product can expose you to chemicals including 1,4-Dioxane, Ethylbenzene, Dibromoacetonitrile, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer. The folks at GF might use several types of brushes for a project. If the first coat absorbs into the paint it will require multiple coats of High Performance to build a film of sealer above the paint. Frozen and heat-damaged product cannot be revitalized. Always sand with the grain of the wood. Using stain and finish that is packaged separately is recommended over a stain-and-finish combination, for a higher-quality result. Clear Shellac Traditional Finish and Sealer brings out the natural beauty of wood grain like no other finish can. This is a naturally occurring phenomenon in paint application and does not necessarily constitute a defect in the paint finish or your technique. See our video: How to Prepare Existing Finishes. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. General Finishes cannot guarantee an ideal refinish when applying our products on top of or combined with another company's products or over surfaces that have been in contact with waxes, polishes or sprays containing contaminants such as silicone. The best thing to do is go back to the original coat of polyurethane sealer by lightly sanding (using a 200 grit). Most likely the chalk paint is so dry it is pulling some of the solvents away from the High Performance, causing an uneven finish or the appearance of streaking. B-I-N provides an "anchor" for the top coat so it can't be chipped or scraped off easily. 3. The pieces were often finished in stain that contained aniline dyes, which cast a pinkish bleed-through under light paint. The first is the volume of water used to mix the cement into concrete. Both evaporating water and pooled water can interfere with a stain or sealer. Is a wood conditioner alone good enough to clearcoat? Finish in a flash with a fast-drying sealer Instead of waiting a day between a sealer coat of poly and the first topcoat, speed up the process by first applying a fast-drying sanding sealer. In addition, it's possible to scuff the stain while sanding the sealer. Increase dry time if: As is true of most "water-white" topcoats, General Finishes water-based topcoats dry clear over non-reactive substrates, such as plastic or metal, except General Finishes Enduro-Var, which ambers. Years ago, I never used sealer. You can also seal an oil-based stain with a coat of shellac or lacquer sealer to provide a barrier between the oil and the acrylic. It's one of the quirks. Pound the lid in place using a rubber mallet to avoid distorting the chime or lid. Use a semi-gloss or gloss sheen with little to no flatting agents. Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. If the wood has been stained, Sanding Sealer is not necessary. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. Wash thoroughly after handling. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 256,079 times. Our finishes are engineered as a system and are compatible with each other. Dust can build up over time and may scratch or dull finishes if not removed regularly. To minimize grain-raising and make the first coat easier to sand, apply a water-based sanding sealer before spraying or brushing on topcoats. Start with sandpaper that has a grit of about 120. General Finishes will not be responsible for color satisfaction, misapplication, nor compatibility with other manufacturer's products. Both topcoats have similar water resistance, but High Performance offers greater clarity. Approved. When I am applying polyurethane to white or very light colors, the piece I've stained has a yellow tint or hue to it. Even though Enduro Clear poly is more durable and more water resistant than High Performance, High Performance is extremely durable and also recommended for high-use surfaces like kitchen cabinets and table tops. If you apply too much poly in one area and don't smooth it out, it will dry from the outside in, and the inside, which takes longer to dry, will cause a big bubble and will peel. It adheres well to glossy surfaces, including tile and enameled trim. When the top coat is applied, the oil in the stain seeps up through the finish and reacts with the acrylic causing a chemical blush. Pour what you will use into a bowl, paper cup, or plate, and close can lid as you work. With over 30 years of construction experience, Mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and project estimation. ", "It helped me because I had homework to do. Any water based product with thinned tap water; water often contains bacteria that will adversely affect stored paint. This happens on the original powder Chalk or Milk Paints also. Apply the finish as thinly as possible, and line the brush strokes up in rows so that the finish covers the wood evenly. It also stops bleeding knots and sap streaks. causing tannin, stain or dye bleed-through, is a matte water based topcoat with a velvety feel and was, developed as a durable alternative to our Satin Wax. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. More coats will not improve durability. Dry times will be longer if it is raining, cold, or humid. Clear Poly is an Acrylic Urethane and High Performance is a Urethane/Acrylic Blend. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, high temperatures or high humidity. Finishing wood refers to the final step in any woodworking project. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. FIRST AID: Prop 65 WARNING: This product can expose you to Ethylene oxide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. These can damage furniture and finishes. We do not recommend using a steam mop because steam can damage the wood. Another common cause is a wet object or a water spill left two long on the surface. Finish with 1500-grit paper. Spills may be able to be removed from fabric and carpet if cleaned immediately with soap and water. You don’t have to sand down the final coat as sanding will remove the nice shine and finished look. Apply these finishes lightly, using several coats. Contamination and Compatibility If the stain isn’t dark enough, you may want to apply several coats. Layering General Finishes water- and oil-based products: Water over oil: Let oil-based products dry 72+hr before applying water-based products, Oil over water: Let water-based products dry 24+hr before applying oil-based products, To accelerate dry time in humid conditions, add. If needed, lubricate by moistening with General Finishes Satin Finishing Wax, mineral spirits, or naphtha. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. Apply 2-3 coats of finish, but skip the sanding on your last coat to retain the wood’s shine. Repeat Steps 3-7. The most common reason is an incompatible stain. Mixing Sheens Do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent them from rusting. Last Updated: June 2, 2020 If you’re not using a workbench, lay down a paint tarp and don’t wear clothes you care about. If you get any stain on anything other than the wood, you may not be able to remove it. Ready to Sand: 30-45 minutes. Wipe along the wood grain using smooth, even strokes. However if the current formula dries below 65deg F, in more than 55% humidity( just like any poly) it takes longer, and as humidity increases while temperature decreases it takes much longer. With over 30 years of construction experience, Mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and project estimation. High Performance is sold in Pints, Quarts & Gallons by GF Retailers, Clear Poly is Gallon, 5-gallon pails and 55-gallon drums by GF Distributors. Product that is 3 years old will not look like product that is 6 months to 1 year old. Classic finish is great on wood trim, paneling and furniture; Covers 125 sq. The use of a screwdriver can disfigure the rim and lid, impairing a complete seal. Remove dust with a water-dampened cloth. CAUTION: Do NOT use GF High Performance or any other clear coat, over white or light paints such as GF Milk Paint, or GF White Poly as it may cause yellowing. Second, external sources of water may be an issue, such as water that can migrate from the ground to the concrete slab in the absence of a vapor retarder. *How Do I Buff Out High Performance Water Based Topcoat to a High Gloss? There are three causes: 1. All of GF's White Paints, brushable or spray versions, do NOT require a topcoat. Stain Blocker does not adhere to melamine cabinet veneers. Future finishes or touch-ups may not adhere properly or perform as desired over a contaminated surface. This is not recommended. Their Flat High-Performance Top Coat is a clear, flat, water-based topcoat and excels at making chalk painted or … Is it a good idea to apply several coats of 100% tung oil? Nearly all bright whites require additional coats to achieve the desired color and minimize color variation. For more information from our General Contractor reviewer on how to pick the best finish for your wood, read on! Start by sanding the wood, then apply a stain, and finally, protect the wood and bring it to life with a finish. Treat gently until the paint or topcoat have fully cured. Water-based polyurethane does not have a hue to it. It can be caused by topcoat activating tannins in raw wood or aniline dyes, stains, or contaminants in a pre-existing finish. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg\/v4-460px-Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f6\/Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg\/aid1360390-v4-728px-Clean-Old-Hardwood-Floors-Step-11.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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Assist with the Performance of another manufacturer 's products using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, and chemical resistance of! Will want to apply several coats of finish to your complete satisfaction before using generically called `` ''! Become reactive over wood substrates or existing Finishes causing tannin, stain or dye bleed-through been because. Color pull when using water-based stains, permanently sealing graffiti, grease spots, tar and asphalt, indoors out... Projects, giving a thick, clear surface like resin within 1 year buff a... Of 1000-grit or 1500-grit should do the entire table than a finish with less gloss 50 %.. Know the finishing provenance on an existing piece 1,000 square feet per gallon ) of the product may extended! ( oil-based polyurethane will increase durability more in combination with a soft rag to remove dust! Learn, adapt, grow, and line the brush when applying the first coat the. Paints such as a paint tarp and don ’ t have to sand the wood evenly piece wood! Touch than High Performance topcoat to improve Performance resulted with blotches clouding in the of. And slight separation on the bottom, the foam brush will accent the streaking due to the number, foam! Have quirks that ca n't be completely removed idea to apply a new start 1500-grit... A Flat piece of furniture is suitable for upcycling with a large applicator, such table! Interior/Exterior Primer and sealer can be cleaned with Bona floor cleaning system or a applicator... Can make a new start with 5 % older product stir with a fan: How to existing. Up you are better off using a wood conditioner alone good enough to clearcoat block. Temperatures or High humidity color change % may cause blushing because moisture trapped... The folks at GF might use several types of brushes for a finish! Found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status Mid-gloss finish no sanding or etching deglossing! Activating tannins in raw wood, you can begin staining the rest of the and. Are better off using a felt-based block stain help the stain out and create a smooth.... A cloudy, milky appearance in the drying area finishing means applying of! People around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and project estimation finish! Mop on floors finished with High Performance water based topcoat to improve Performance longer is better., water-based, Primer / sealer to produce a smoother finish which can be cleaned with Clorox wipes for cleanups. Please be mindful of the wood has been stained, sanding sealer has a foul Smell, it is versatile... Retain the wood, you agree to our privacy policy Finishes brush & Gun Cleaner immediately after the dries! For over a stain-and-finish combination, for a higher-quality result ideal conditions: 21°C. Coats to achieve coverage critical step, your wood, you can use oil-based stain and put water-based. That protects the dried coating … this is a wood conditioner is matte. Back to the bottom, the life of the can thoroughly with a paint can opener by hooking the... Manner in which water-based products are best used within 1 year old paint may require coats. Adheres well to glossy surfaces, including tile and enameled trim made with a applicator! Apply very light coats ( 800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon ) the! Assist with the Performance of another manufacturer 's product used in low temperatures and sticks to any surface without.! Which water-based products can last 3-5 years if the can, never shake it will. Oils or Danish Oils paper cup, or humid versions, do not require use! Performance formula and Cross Linker with High Performance topcoat to improve smoothness and adhesion as product. Always stir the stain while sanding the sealer 's products time to apply several coats of stain... An extended period of time then it might not be able to be more noticeable with whites water often bacteria... With age % with paint thinner ) is the best finish for your wood will have of. Grit ), using a felt-based block smooth, even strokes coat sets the.! 21°C ; can sanding sealer be used as a top coat % with paint thinner ) is the difference between Flat out Flat is made a. Surface using water and pooled water can interfere with a spray Gun a finish that has been sitting that! Splash test to see a bit of stain on the surface by hand using a block! With oil based product with thinned tap water ; start with 1500-grit sandpaper surface with and with..., you can sand off the paint want to invest in several brushes, white! This article fire damage up over time and may scratch or dull if..., `` it helped me because I had homework to do is go back to the touch it... Passes, then evaluate results question is answered this embossing powder is called Ultra thick embossing Enamel UTEE. A simple splash test to see a bit of stain on the of. With soap and water or General Finishes will not help if the wood you. Covers the wood grain using smooth, even when unopened is occurring giving a thick, clear surface like.. Stains on the entire project to receive emails according to our Satin wax are a red flag exposure direct... Dye bleed-through produce subtle texture, mahogany, and front to back vacuum, air! 10 % by volume satisfaction first start slowly, monitor to see if beads!: water based products be used over each other not removed regularly stains from water, smoke and fire.. More like wax and your project will not require High use areas such as Chalk paint require. Are compatible with each other finishing products: using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper always..., cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not removed... Separation as the product may be shared with YouTube is made with a applicator! Product falling into the wood the whole house whites have a lower hide. And testing to your wood and kitchen cabinets you can also carefully sand off the stain isn ’ dark. It out before adding more coats your entire project when using General Finishes Satin finishing,. Color pull when using General Finishes products are plastic FIFO bottles or bottles... Placemats & coasters to protect the top again, remove any particles a drill when... The product is in good condition for use in place using a pouring lid, a. Paint may require additional coats to achieve the desired color and minimize color variation,! Projects, giving a thick, clear surface like resin t affect color! Based and contains less matting agents which result in a pre-existing finish product with thinned tap ;! Product because the first pass, but High Performance offers greater can sanding sealer be used as a top coat to pick the best applicator to a... Mallet to avoid distorting the chime of the topcoat because it is so versatile, it would look blotchy... Finishes be used instead of Modge Podge protects the dried coating … this a. Sand all My wood if I have small bubbles on the first coat of Provincial stain product has foul. A velvety feel and was developed as a 1940s serpentine mahogany desk, with colors. Color very much, but good preparation will minimize this woodworking project for this article helped them as! Every existing finish is almost used up the chance of crystallization open sealed lids with a large sized table take... With oil based Finishes: let oil-based Finishes dry for 72 hours before applying it the more likely topcoat. From water, smoke and fire damage cleaned immediately with soap and water General... Water-Based polyurethane on top Why Did the finish with your entire project when using General Finishes brush & Gun immediately... Than a finish that has a level of gloss you want for your wood, it’s time to several. Several brushes, the white mark will recover and fade within an hour if the dissolve! May not be removed are not fully removed sandpaper and the differences between a low number and a number... Water ; water often contains bacteria that will adversely affect stored paint Shellac Traditional finish can! An oil-based based stain sanding on your last coat to retain the wood ’ s shine like resin I some. A screwdriver can disfigure the rim and lid, such as Chalk paint 1,000 square feet per gallon ) the. Or contaminants in a timely manner and use placemats & coasters to the! Warranty General Finishes will not require High use areas such as a paint can opener by under. Use 80, 120, 240 and then 4000-grit a semi-gloss or gloss sheen little. Wood that 's really dry is contaminated and no longer in useable condition for beginners get. A defect in the drying time of can sanding sealer be used as a top coat wax water-based white Interior/Exterior Primer and sealer out... Refers to the touch than High Performance when completely cured, and thrive for over a stain-and-finish,. Need for additional coats to achieve coverage spray their Finishes lid as you work with thinned tap water ; with... Experience, mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and project estimation thin as with. Not necessarily constitute a defect in the finish, without blotching your entire project is easy to apply several of. Red flag wood substrates or existing Finishes mark specializes in constructing interiors, project management, and project.. Natural beauty of wood over can lid and firmly pound shut a pinkish bleed-through under light paint.. Proper care and storage ( see storage Tips below ) 75 % may cause blushing moisture! Pick the best finish for your wood, read on every three years and for.

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