Most geraniums root easily from stem cuttings in soil, coarse sand, water, perlite, or other rooting material. Hi, I brought my geraniums into the conservatory (cool, lots of light) 10 days ago. Place the geranium in a sheltered location where it will receive six to eight hours of sunlight daily. Add water to create a moist — but not overly wet — environment for the cutting. There’s no need to improve soil unless it’s very poor. Trim back the plants by one-half and water deeply before storing them. If buying bare-root geraniums, pot them up as soon as they arrive, and then plant them out in a few weeks tim, when they’ve put on growth. Pelargoniums (geraniums) are a summer-bedding staple for pots and borders. Do not water geraniums in excess. . Unwind any encircling roots and trim if necessary to fit into the new flowerpot. Cut Stem. If you've planted the geranium in a hanging basket, daily watering may be necessary in hot or windy weather. Dividing involves splitting an established plant into several pieces, each of which has a section of the roots. First, simply cut a section of stem about 3 or 4 inches long at about a 45 degree angle just below a leaf node. When treated as fast-growing annuals, geraniums are easily transplanted from 4-inch grower's pots into larger flowerpots for your patio. Perennial geraniums (Geranium species), which return season after season, combine eye-catching leaves with pretty flowers that open either sporadically or continuously from spring through summer. The flowers are long-lasting, appearing from early summer to autumn. Store your geraniums over winter. Through the winter, water lightly every so often to prevent the soil from completely drying out. Prune the geranium's stems and branches back to 4 inches. I dig a plant up, cut it into suitable sized divisions, cut off any long, straggly roots and excess top growth, and pot the divisions immediately, using a potting mix such as Miracle Gro. Pinching is a pruning technique that creates compact, bushy plants and works on new plants or overwintered plants. Divide summer-flowering plants in spring (Mar-May) or autumn (Sep-Nov) when the soil is dry enough to work. Watch our video guide to dividing hardy perennials. De Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden, available as an ebook. Gently tip the pot onto its side and slide the geranium with the root ball out of the pot. This shovel is great for digging up and dividing plants. Wear gloves, safety glasses and a dust mask when working with compost and perlite; the abrasive dust may injure your eyes and lungs. Water thoroughly until water runs out of the bottom of the flowerpot. Continue watering at regular intervals when the top of the soil is dry to the touch. Trim cutting to just below a node. Dividing plants is easy. Shake them off outdoors to get rid of any excess dirt. Cut a 4 to 6 inch portion of a green stem just above a node (the part of a stem from which … How to Revive Geraniums. Storing geraniums for winter is super easy — you just put them in a cardboard box or a paper bag and close the top. I’ve watered them once and then left them to it, but they’re all losing their leaves – lots of leaves are turning yellow and dying. Geraniums are prized in the garden for their easy care and bright blooms. The cheerful pinks, reds and oranges of geraniums brighten gardens across the United States. Start at the drip line. Strip the leaves off of the bottom half of your cut stem. Geraniums are a favorite flower for keeping from year to year. https://www.flowerpatchfarmhouse.com/how-to-divide-hardy-geraniums Pour the moist potting medium into an 8- to 12-inch flower pot, filling it to within 4 inches of the top. Bury the part of the cutting that was dipped in rooting hormone and cover it with the potting soil. The geranium will grow back quickly, making a compact mound of leaves and flowers. Plants can be divided successfully at almost any time if they are kept well-watered afterwards. There are two varieties of geranium, the annual version and a hardy perennial version. Remove the geranium from the old flowerpot. Tamp the soil gently around the roots. Pinch 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch off the end of each stem with your fingertips or snips. cuttings from the green (still soft, not woody) part of the plant. I re-potted a couple and left a few in their original outdoor pots. They will not survive the cold winters and freezing temperatures outside at night. Annual geraniums are kept looking good with just a few minutes of maintenance each week. Sometimes you can divide garden plants with your hands, as with many bulb species, while the use of a sharp knife or garden spade is oftentimes necessary to get the job done when dividing plants. The plant will grow two new branches off the end of each stem. Add potting medium until the root ball is completely covered. Using a sharp, clean knife, make a slanted cut 4 inches below a stem tip, above a node where leaves emerge. Pinch geraniums in spring once the plant's growth starts taking off. Pelargoniums have large, rounded leaves and brightly colored flowers, while true geraniums feature divided leaves and smaller, less conspicuous flowers. Place the geranium in the new flowerpot, holding it in place while you fill around the roots with the remaining potting medium. Remember, Geraniums want good free draining soil ! You can pack as many geraniums into one box as will fit. Clump-forming perennials, such as hardy geraniums, can be divided if you want more plants, or if the clump is overgrown – it can help to rejuvenate them and keep them flowering well. The answer is easy, and gardeners should know it! However, division is most successful when the plants are not in active growth. You’ll then want to cut the stems back to three-inch spikes, and remove any remaining foliage, blooms, or mold. Mix equal parts potting soil, compost and perlite in a bucket. Hardy geraniums are often bought potted but they can also be purchased online as bare-root plants. Dip the cutting into rooting hormone, if you so choose. Sloat Garden Center: Geraniums and Pelargoniums, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Geranium Culture for Home Gardeners, California Garden Clubs, Inc.: Geranium Versus Pelargonium, Washington State University Clark County Extension: Time to Wake the Sleeping Fuchsias and Geraniums, Learn2Grow: Preventing Wilted Hang-ups and Container Crispies, How to Transplant Geranium Seedlings to a Larger Pot. With degrees in fine and commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist, book designer and published author. Yes, you got it, I like to divide geraniums, as much as I like to divide any other plant and I am cheap and I don't want to throw away any of the cuttings. Winterize Potted Geraniums. Strip off any leaves on the bottom half of the cutting. Geraniums can survive long periods of dry soil much better than … The Martha Washington, ivy, zonal and scented geraniums found in garden centers are all actually pelargoniums. As a general rule, they tend to do best in early morning and afternoon sun, although some, such as Geranium sanguineum and Geranium pratense and their varieties thrive in full sun, providing there is adequate moisture in the soil. ... We had an almost 100% success rate and the plants put on an impressive growth spurt when potted on in spring and planted outside once the danger of frost has passed in May or June. Actually, stem cuttings can be taken anytime from geraniums and rooted. Dictionary of Garden Plants; Robert Ditchfield Publishers. The key is that the mix you choose must provide certain traits to satisfy your geranium plants needs. If you prefer an organic fertilizer, apply compost tea weekly. There are varieties that will grow in full sun, partial shade and even quite dense shade. 2. How to grow hardy geraniums Cultivation. Start by taking 3- to 4-inch (7.5 – 10 cm.) Perennial geraniums, also known as cranesbill or hardy geraniums, have delicate-looking, deep green foliage and small blooms available in red, blue, purple, pink and white. Dec 17, 2002 Elois Ioannidis. To lift a perennial with minimal root damage, begin digging at its drip line. I place the pots in light shade and keep the soil damp. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Prepare small, seedling- or herb-sized containers with a premixed potting soil. Fertilize biweekly with a liquid 5-10-5 fertilizer, applied immediately after watering the geranium. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Geraniums are a favorite flower for keeping from year to year. Dividing geraniums is easy, but expect them to look bedraggled for some time after the surgery. Place the geranium in the new flowerpot, holding it in place while you fill around the … How could this happen, I wonder? Set the flower pot on top of the gravel. Annual geraniums (Pelargonium species), which usually only last for a year, include zonal, fancy-leaf, ivy, scented, and Martha Washington (or regal) types. Add water to the potting medium and mix until it is moist. When to divide perennials. I want to know how to keep them alive through the winter for next season. Hardy in Sunset Climate Zones 8, 9 and 12 through 24, geraniums by any name thrive in summer gardens. can flower year-round in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, or you can overwinter them indoors in colder regions. Unfortunately in the Uk they are too tender to grow outdoors all year in most areas. I have had a very successful growing season with about a dozen beautiful individual potted geraniums on my patio in Reno, Nevada. The plants commonly called "geraniums," however, are actually two different plants, pelargoniums and geraniums. Stick the cutting into a pot filled with vermiculite. Mulch helps maintain a consistent moisture level in a flowerpot, preventing excessive evaporation on warm or windy days. In wet autumns, delay until spring. Geraniums (Pelargonium spp.) There are two main groups of geraniums. The … Geraniums are perennials that require special care in the winter because they cannot survive hard frosts. Simply dig up the entire clump and then carefully divide the crown and root ball into two or more section, depending on the size of the clump. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. You can, however, overwinter your geraniums and replant them every spring. Most of the potted plants are still in their original pots, but there are always more geraniums each year. Pour an inch of gravel into the flowerpot's saucer. She enthusiastically pursues creative and community interests, including gardening, home improvement and social issues. The potting soil illustrated on this page is the ‘soiless mix’ which I prefer but that does not mean that other mixes using ‘real dirt’ won’t work too. After pruning them, store the geranium stems and root systems in a cardboard box in your basement or a cool, dry area. Add 2 inches of mulch to the top of the flowerpot, pulling it back 3 inches from the geranium's stem. Although success varies, you can also place potted geraniums in a cool, dark space for the winter, allowing them to go dormant in the pots. I find this method is unreliable—some years the geraniums do fine, other years they don’t—but it’s not a bad choice if… However, division is most successful when the soil is dry enough work... True geraniums feature divided leaves and flowers light shade and even quite shade. Or other rooting material individual potted geraniums on my patio in Reno, Nevada to fit into the flowerpot! 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