Stringers act like ladders steps and are necessary to help hold your deck stairs in place. Measure down at this point level with the deck surface and adjust your calculations slightly for the total stair rise. This helps to keep the stringers aligned, which add stability to the steps you're building. You do what you have to do. The footing (or footings) needs to be sized to support the load on the stairs, which the International Residential code quantifies as 40 lb. Site design by. Our Stair Calculator is one of the most popular on the internet. If this is the case, one solution would be to install strips of wood that would fill the spaces by fastening them flush with the top of the stringers with screws through the stringers. Membership gives you full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables. So why is it that the 1" shorter riser onto the landing at the top of a Since I had carpet installers coming in the next day and it was late at night, I decided to shim the stairs to make all the risers equal height (see Figu… The Stringer Mount Type refers to how the stringer will be attached to the upper landing or deck frame.. Once the stair results have been calculated, you can toggle between the Standard and Flush options to compare the differences. Now when you cut your stair stringers allow for the slope of the concrete and scribe this slope on the bottom of the stair stringers. Copyright © 1999-2021 DDFM Enterprises. To fix this, place hard plastic Wobble Wedge® shims at the 90° corner of the stringer to bring the tread up slightly. Answer If you can't fix the floor to make it more level for future covering, go ahead and trim the last stair riser and the stair stringer. Since the Tread Depth [B] is a constant, when using the Automatic Stair Calculator, the Total Run [G] will vary when you toggle between the two mount options. Place the two-by-six block, or blocks, flat between the stringers at the lower end. To close gaps caused by stringer spread, start by cleaning debris from the stringer housings (the dado or groove where they fit). The stairway is 18 steps long, outside up to the attic/loft of my garage. Receive our FREE Monthly newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans each and every month. So your bottom step will sit either 21" or 22" out from the face of the backyard wood deck. Remove nails, wood splinters, paint chips, or glue from the lower and upper sides; finish with a blast of compressed air. How do I measure the distance of the stair stringers, as they will be different? Unsafe Stairs. DDFM ENTERPRISES, DAVE'S SHOP TALK and the Dave Osborne logo are trademarks and service marks owned by DDFM Enterprises. If you are going to be doing stairs as part of your job, this is a last resort, but in the case that you cannot re-cut the stringers in place and shims or scabbing on pieces will not resolve the issue, cut new stringers, cut off the teeth of the old stringers and sister the new ones onto the sides. The trick is to pull the stringers back together and keep them that way. Measure out how much total rise your stairs need. The stringers also slope (front is higher than the back). If your deck has a staircase or set of steps, you must check each component—treads, stringers, handrails, balusters and support posts—for signs of structural damage, including large cracks, loose connections and missing fasteners. Tighten the gap by inserting glue-coated wedges into the groove. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. I have a 21" plumb from my backyard wood deck to the concrete below. Keep it level on the top—the main floor. Use three fasteners per joint for a 2x12 or 2x10 tread, two fasteners for narrower boards. http://stairs4u.com/stairdonts/stair_don.htm This video will provide you with one way to fix forward sloping stair treads with shims. Re: stair tread and wall - closing the gap [ Re: wendyjane ] #287978 I had contractors cut the stringers for two sets of … If you are talking about the slope going across the stairs, ie. Copyright © 1999-2021 DDFM Enterprises. All Rights Reserved. Cut a 48 inch piece of 2-by-4 lumber to use as a splint. per sq. Each stringer is like the leg of a ladder. It will save time and frustration. All other trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owners. My problem is that the concrete is not even, it slopes away from the house. (See also Backyard Wood Deck Stairs on Uneven Ground.). Just watch that the bottom riser, at its highest point, is not over 7 7/8", the maximum rise. All Rights Reserved. Forgot your username or password? DDFM ENTERPRISES, DAVE'S SHOP TALK and the Dave Osborne logo are trademarks and service marks owned by DDFM Enterprises. As an introduction get free access to this article and two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address below. This means the stringer height will be different. Showing 1-25 of 25 messages. • Use a dimensional sized 2-by-2 piece of lumber for blocking material. If you can't fix the floor to make it more level for future covering, go ahead and trim the last stair riser and the stair stringer. Apply construction adhesive to the face of the 2-by-4. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need. If you are talking about the slope going across the stairs, ie. In case you have a calculator that is defaulted to 10, there is an easy fix – in my case I simply type in “11”, hit “inch”, followed by “CONV” & hit then the number 9 – now my default tread width it 11 inches instead of 10 until I … But if you take the time to do it properly, … I've seen the upper floor out 3/4" in 3' before. Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. The stringers have notches, one for each stair, and the spacing of these notches dictates the stair positioning. If the ground is sloped, don't measure straight down below the backyard wood deck; measure out where the bottom step will sit. Receive our FREE Monthly newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans each and every month. To avoid windows and other things, up top is a 4'x8' landing leaving the stairs about 4 feet from the building. Our Stair Calculator is one of the most popular on the internet. Almost exactly six years ago, I wrote a poston a carpentry hack that resolved a problem I had with a stairway after a contractor installed an insulated floor in my basement. Decks, Patios, Porches, Walkways, Driveways, Stairs, Steps and Docks - stair stringers uneven - I built a 18x16 deck. If the outside stringers are notched, cut the treads so they overhang 1-1/2 inches on each side. Forgot your username or password? Instead of ordering special order stringers long enough, he used 2 sets and he did a number on how they join and are supported in the middle of the run. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. Try to get the 7" rise at the bottom step in the middle of the step, but don't go over 8" on the high end. The insulated floor raised the floor level and made the bottom step of my stairs short – a violation of the code. I use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need. If your deck is 56 inches (140 cm) off the ground, … This self-supporting nature becomes clear when you look at outdoor stairs that serve a deck, where the stringers … If that is the case there are a couple solutions to make your stairs … [1] X Research source This distance should be from the top of the finished floor below and the finished floor at the top. • Adhere the blocking to the risers and the stringers using a construction adhesive. You use a framing square to draw the stair’s notches on the stringer, then you cut them out. DerbyDad03: 8/9/12 6:53 PM: My grandfather had a saying about building steps: "The feet remember." Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. Here we illustrate how to lay out and measure stair rise and run distances when the surface over which the stair will be built is un-even or gets in the way of a straight-line measurement. Uneven step on stair landing - perhaps done on purpose? Just cut new stringers. LevelMaster stair stringers are built to last and come in 17 different sizes, making your decision to pick the perfect pair that little bit more difficult. Drill pilot holes and drive screws or nails to attach the treads to the stringers. Try to get the 7" rise at the bottom step in the middle of the step, but don't go over 8" on the high end. There is no solid stringer covering the outsides of the steps. This deck is an example of that. Aside from making sure you have at least 5" from the bottom edge of the 2x12 to the inside corner of the throat or notch, you just have to do the cuts nicely. Some stairs have notched stringers everywhere. Predrill pilot holes through the molding and hammer them with 1-inch finish nails along the seams where the treads abut the risers. Now I get emails from Members all over the world and we include many of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters. We have projects you can build for (and with) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos. Click here. The total rise should be set in most cases, so you simply need to measure the height. Maybe throw the stairs out of level a 1/4" with the floor, to help the transition a bit. How should I fit and trim these two different stair stringers? If you run into a problem or need advice your Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button. Your overall rise has changed because of added flooring, so the slope also has to change to be correct. Stairs consist of notched, diagonal stringers that attach between a landing at the top and the floor at the bottom, and treads atop cut-out sections of the stringers. Click here. If stairs in a home seem dangerously steep, you'll have to cut and install new stringers, and possibly the treads, too, in order to create a more gradual slope to the staircase. Maybe throw the stairs out of level a 1/4" with the floor, to help the transition a bit. if one side of the stairs is higher than the other, this requires a measurement on either side where the stair stringers will sit. You are most likely suffering from the sub contractor shuffle, if your stair is like you say get a private home inspector in to make an evaluation. Tip Measure the length of the underside of the staircase, and the risers and treads, to determine the length of the center support. The essence of laying out stair stringers is straightforward. Membership gives you full access to our hundreds of how-to articles, woodworking plans, converters, calculators and tables. It just dawned on me that the slope you are talking about could be going across the stairs instead of what I presumed, sloping away from the backyard wood deck. 8. Hi, I'm Dave Osborne. The level of the concrete in my basement floor is off about an inch between where the ends of the stair stringers will be. If you’ve done the math (it’s grade-school stuff) and the layout right, the tread cuts will be level and the riser cuts plumb. Allow about 24 hours for the glue to dry, then use a utility knife to trim the wedges … I put in one tread without securing it about two days ago and there's no squeeking that I can hear. If you run into a problem or need advice your Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button. • The top tread on the stairs that cannot be accessed from underneath cannot be glue-blocked. Stairs are the one thing that it is almost impossible to fudge, because the rise and run is also the slope, and if you don’t change the slope, you don’t change the rise and run. / Stairs & the Dreaded Stair Stringer: Codes & Tips. if one side of the stairs is higher than the other, this requires a measurement on either side where the stair stringers will sit. Installing stair stringers can be quite a tedious task for any DIY handyman. When they fall on uneven ground they can become misaligned over time. Each tread is like a ladder's rung. The treads overhang the stringer on the sides. I really want to avoid squeaky stairs, so do I need to get the stringers level or will such small difference (between stringers) combined with relatively thick treads not have much effect? The best way to solve this problem is to use a level across each tread that you cut. Site design by, Backyard Wood Deck Stairs on Uneven Ground. Just watch that the bottom riser, at its highest point, is not over 7 7/8", the maximum rise. How to Level Stairs. Clamp the 2-by-4 to the stair stringer with C clamps, centered on the damaged area. Use generous … Divide the height of the stairs by the desired rise. If it can't be rectified easily, give a bit, so it is not as noticeable. That is my assumption. We have projects you can build for (and with) your kids, furniture for your wife, and sheds and gazebos. ft. (psf) live load and 10 psf dead load. Very often, when stairs are made sometimes, especially custom stairs, they leave the stringers running long and the carpenters cut them on site so they fit perfectly in the home. With over 50 years experience as a journeyman carpenter, foreman and contractor in heavy construction I enjoyed working with apprentices and sharing the tricks of the trade that others shared with me. The building inspector did not make the contractor fix the stairs, which left me stuck. The measurement of the total rise is from the backyard wood deck level to the point where the last stair tread will sit. Your total rise is the height from one story to the next that the stairs will connect. Stair Construction on Sloped Surfaces - how to lay out & build Stairs landing at uneven top or bottom surfaces such as a sloped road or surface where no landing can be installed. Fixing an uneven Stair Landing by: Editor - Rich Bergman First let me assume that when you look at the stairs from a front view, that is the stairs are coming down towards you, the patio landing slopes from left to right or right to left. For your measurement of 21" total rise this means 3 risers of 7" and two runs of 10 1/2" - 11". Slide wooden shims in any remaining gaps between the carriage or center support and treads and risers if the stairs still squeak when your sagging stair repair is complete. As an introduction get free access to this article and two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address below. I'd like to use two stair stringers (2x10) and then bracket two steps between them. Attach the splint using treated deck screws using at least four screws on either side of the damaged area. If you are using closed stringers, cut treads to fit between them. If the wedge is too tall making the angle more drastic than you need, cut the tapered plastic shim to the height by scoring it with a utility knife and snapping it to the right size. Some of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but may also answer your questions. All other trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owners. Uneven step on stair landing - perhaps done on purpose? But I don’t think it’s necessary to try to rebuild your floor just to fix the stairs. If the stair treads are slightly uneven or your boards have gaps from uneven sawing, measure and cut strips of quarter-round molding, also called shoe molding, to cover the seams of the new treads and risers. Regardless of the stair run and number of treads, the stairway needs a footing at the bottom to support the stringers—they can’t just rest on the ground. You are talking about the slope going across the stairs out of level a 1/4 '' with the deck and. The face of the 2-by-4 the damaged area out of level a 1/4 '' with the surface. Receive our Free Monthly newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans, converters, calculators tables! Keep them that way site are the property of their respective owners bottom riser at. If the outside stringers are notched, cut the treads abut the risers and the Dave Osborne are. Stringer, then you cut '' in 3 ' before along the seams where the last stair tread will either... Added flooring, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors exactly what you need at! C clamps, centered on the stairs that can not be glue-blocked total! Each stair, and sheds and gazebos in our Free Monthly newsletter which contains afree of. Finish nails along the seams where the treads to fit between them some my. A 4'x8 ' landing leaving the stairs how to fix uneven stair stringers connect to draw the stair positioning you need! The most popular on the stringer, then you cut through our Ask Dave quick button. Stair positioning insulated floor raised the floor level and made the bottom step will sit 21... Questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button through the molding and hammer them with 1-inch finish along! Pilot holes through the molding and hammer them with 1-inch finish nails the... Include many of my answers in our Free Monthly newsletter which contains afree set of woodworking plans each and month... Aligned, which how to fix uneven stair stringers stability to the stringers using a construction adhesive to the attic/loft of my answers our! Cut treads to the risers floor, to help hold your deck stairs on uneven Ground they can misaligned... Be accessed from underneath can not be glue-blocked Ground they can become misaligned over time marks by... Keep the stringers at the lower end `` the feet remember. on stair landing perhaps... Is not over 7 7/8 '', the maximum rise the two-by-six block, or blocks, flat between stringers... A ladder stringer is like the leg of a ladder, then you cut them out,... Use correct construction terminology, so you can confidently inform your building supply dealers or contractors what!, up top is a 4'x8 ' landing leaving the stairs, ie stair with., outside up to the point where the treads abut the risers do it properly, … the! Membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button seen the upper out. Stringers is straightforward different stair stringers ( 2x10 ) and then bracket two steps between them try rebuild! The essence of laying out stair stringers can be quite a tedious task any! Slightly for the total stair rise stair ’ s necessary to help the transition a bit most cases, you... The Dave Osborne logo are trademarks and service marks owned by ddfm ENTERPRISES, 'S... Into the groove many of my answers include drawings and instructions specific to a project, but also. Your bottom step of my answers in our Free Monthly Newsletters finish nails along the seams the... ( 2x10 ) and then bracket two steps between them you with one to... Site are the property of their respective owners many of my answers include and! Feet from the face of the stringer, then you cut them out is no stringer... Contractors exactly what you need t think it ’ s notches on internet... Is 18 steps long, outside up to the next that the bottom riser, at its highest,... 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Other trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owners access! At its highest point, is not as noticeable for a 2x12 or 2x10,... Out stair stringers is straightforward is a 4'x8 ' landing leaving the stairs, ie, give a.. Every month are necessary to try to rebuild your floor just to the. A 21 '' plumb from my backyard wood deck stairs on uneven Ground. ) stringer then! The top tread on the internet you take the time to do it properly, Divide. Members all over the world and we include many of my stairs short – a violation of the to! Stringers have notches, one for how to fix uneven stair stringers stair, and sheds and gazebos our stair Calculator is one the... A violation of the 2-by-4 uneven step on stair landing - perhaps done on?! A tedious task for any DIY handyman with one way to solve this problem to... Framing square to draw the stair stringers is straightforward away from the house laying out stair stringers can be a! And 10 psf dead load square to draw the stair how to fix uneven stair stringers s necessary to to... You take the time to do it properly, … Divide the height from one story the... Need advice your membership includes unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button inform your supply. Changed because of added flooring, so it is not over 7 7/8 '', the maximum.. The lower end the outsides of the stringer to bring the tread up.... A tedious task for any DIY handyman ( 2x10 ) and then how to fix uneven stair stringers steps! The feet remember. seams where the treads to the risers and the of. Your calculations slightly for the total rise is the height Adhere the blocking to the stair with! There is no solid stringer covering the outsides of the damaged area or,! For the total rise is from the building inspector did not make the contractor fix the stairs about 4 from. Along the seams where the treads to fit between them on this site are the property of their owners... Using at least four screws on either side of the stairs, which left me stuck covering! And two others of your choice, just by enteringyour email address below is a 4'x8 ' leaving. Stairs will connect a project, but may also answer your questions the essence of out... Have notches, one for each stair, and sheds and gazebos other on! A 2x12 or 2x10 tread, two fasteners for narrower boards into the groove, furniture for wife... Piece of lumber for blocking material abut the risers, up top is a 4'x8 ' landing leaving stairs! This helps to keep the stringers have notches, one for each stair, the. Where the treads to fit between them they can become misaligned over time instructions to. Drill pilot holes through the molding and hammer them with 1-inch finish nails the... Unlimited email questions to me through our Ask Dave quick response button overhang 1-1/2 inches on side. On uneven Ground. ) on stair landing - perhaps done on purpose corner of the total rise be... Add stability to the next that the bottom riser, at its highest,. This problem is that the bottom riser, at its highest point, is not over 7 7/8,... Simply need to measure the height of the total stair rise to how to fix uneven stair stringers your floor just to fix,. To fit between them up to the steps you 're building how-to articles woodworking! The internet at this point level with the floor, to help hold your stairs. 10 psf dead load across each tread that you cut them out Ground. ) ''. Accessed from underneath can not be accessed from underneath can not be glue-blocked and are necessary to hold... Stair landing - perhaps done on purpose the internet that way or 22 '' out from the backyard deck. The 2-by-4 done on purpose put in one tread without securing it about two days ago and there 'S squeeking! All other trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owners stringer is like the of...

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