Matthew and Luke’s narratives begin earlier still, rooting Jesus’ very conception and birth … Continue reading "Commentary on John 1:1-18" But the words here literally are, "Annas sent Him [not 'had sent Him'] to Caiaphas"--and the "now" being of doubtful authority. . John 18:9. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. . Jesus Arrested. BETRAYAL AND APPREHENSION OF JESUS. Yet, instead of saying, He came to be a King, which is His meaning, He says He came to testify to the truth. He denied it, and said, I am not--in Matthew 26:72 , "He denied with an oath, I do not know the man." Judas . It is a ravine on the east side of Jerusalem toward the Mount of Olives. I ever taught in the synagogues and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort--courting publicity, though with sublime noiselessness. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. . Jesus, however, knowing that in this spot Judas would expect to find Him, instead of avoiding it, hies Him thither, as a Lamb to the slaughter. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.” Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.”. Each of the gospels begins with an account of Jesus’ origins. 24-27. So he broke off the interrogation with the curt dismissal.” (Bruce), ii. He thought they would want a Man named as their own King to be spared death by crucifixion. 1 When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world--He does not say "not over," but "not of this world"--that is, in its origin and nature; therefore "no such kingdom as need give thee or thy master the least alarm." 28 Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. “You and I may fairly take our stand by the side of Barabbas. . Probably, Pilate did not mean that there was no truth, but that there was no truth in the kind of spiritual kingdom Jesus represented. But the building in which both met with Jesus appears to have been the same, the room only being different, and the court, of course, in that case, one. John Chapter 18 Verses 18:1-19:42: The passion (suffering), narrative was probably the first portion of Christ’s life and ministry to be recorded. (John 1:16-18) bethinks himself of the expedient of sending Him to Herod, in the hope of thereby further shaking off responsibility in the case. . Read John 18 - 'English: King James Version' translation and Explanation of John 18 The Romans would have thought of Barabbas as a terrorist and many Jews would think of him as a freedom fighter. “It would seem that Barabbas was a member of the local resistance movement. Jesus is no revolutionary. That the saying . Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. The positive nature of His kingdom He would not obtrude upon one who was as little able to comprehend it, as entitled officially to information about it. ‘Art THOU, thus captured, bound, standing here as a criminal in peril of thy life, A KING?’” (Alford), ii. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. Then went out that other . And these appearances in Galilee: • Simon Peter, Thomas, Nathanael, the Besides, in the talk of the crowd about the all-engrossing topic, he may pick up something which he would like to hear. The good confession of Jesus was that He was a king, His kingdom came from heaven, and that it was a kingdom of eternal truth in contrast to earthly power. . 18. "And the chief priests accused Him of many things, but He answered nothing ( Mark 15:3 ). Matthew describes his position as "without, in the court," not in the audience-chamber, but in a court opening "upon" it or "above" it, as Mark (Mark 14:66) implies. In Ver. • The disciples, including Thomas (20:24-29). Because, in such circumstances it required a noble courage not to flinch from His royal claims; and our Lord, conscious that He was putting forth that courage, gives a turn to His confession expressive of it. The garden, however, with its amplitude, its shady olives, its endeared associations, would be congenial to His heart. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. It was the glorious effulgence of the majesty of Christ which overpowered them. Pilate saith unto him, What is truth?--that is, "Thou stirrest the question of questions, which the thoughtful of every age have asked, but never man yet answered." . d. Barabbas was a robber: Mark 15:7 tells us he was one of several insurrectionists, who had committed murder in the insurrection. "And he went out into the porch [thinking, perhaps, to steal away], and the cock crew," ( Mark 14:68 ). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Because from his fullness we have received even grace after grace. Still, he states it as a condition of the denial rather than as a subsequent event. 5. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . But in Luke 22:58 it is said, "After a little while" (from the time of the first denial), "another [man] saw him, and said, Thou art also of them." Pilate may have concluded that Rome therefore had nothing to fear from Jesus and His kingdom. There they primarily apply to spiritual and eternal safety; here to what is, in the first instance at least, temporal deliverance. They chose a false, violent son of the father instead of the true Son of the Father. People today still reject Jesus and choose another. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. ii. . and . No one has ever seen God. Mark introduces Jesus to us as an adult, telling us that Jesus was “a man from Nazareth” whose advent fulfills the arrival of God’s salvation as foretold by the prophet Isaiah. The blow of Peter was evidently aimed vertically at his head" [WEBSTER and WILKINSON]. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Of the synoptic examination before Caiaphas, John gives no account, and only briefly indicates in John 18:24 that Jesus was sent away to Caiaphas; a step which followed after the examination before Annas, presupposing as well known the trial before Caiaphas, which took place after this sending away. c. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world: Decades after this, Paul urged young Timothy with these words: Christ Jesus who witnessed the good confession before Pontius Pilate (1 Timothy 6:13). The next steps will best be seen by inverting John 18:17 and John 18:18 . 35. You have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover: Judging there was something different – and innocent – about Jesus, Pilate hoped this custom of releasing a prisoner might help deliver this Man whom Pilate knew was innocent. Jesus of Nazareth--The stunning effect of His first answer wearing off, they think only of the necessity of executing their orders. It circulated orally for several years before it was put into writing. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. Now Caiaphas was he which gave council to the Jews The chief priests and Pharisees, who met in council about Jesus, ( John 11:47-52) , the counsel he gave was, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people; 29-32. . 9. 1 John 5:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 John 5:18, NIV: "We know that anyone born of God does not continue to sin; the One who was born of God keeps them safe, and the evil one cannot harm them." He cried out, saying, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has surpassed me, for he was before me.’” 16 From his fullness (Greek: pleromatos) we all received grace upon grace (Greek: charin anti charitos—grace on top of grace). The other Evangelists, who tell us merely that our Lord predicted that "before the cock should crow he would deny Him thrice" ( Matthew 26:34 , Luke 22:34 , John 13:38 ), mention only one actual crowing, which was Mark's last. It is at the foot of the garden of Gethsemane. "Peter went in and sat with the servants to see the end ( Matthew 26:58 ), and warmed himself at the fire" ( Mark 14:54 ). where was a garden--at the foot of the Mount of Olives, "called Gethsemane; that is, olive press ( Matthew 26:30 Matthew 26:36 ). That the word might be fulfilled, which he spake, Those which thou hast given me, I lost not one of them. “It was a way of dismissing the subject. But have you ever thought of Jesus as a sermon? Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. stood with them--No more is recorded here of his part of the scene, but we have found the gap painfully supplied by all the other Evangelists. That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none--The reference is to such sayings as John 6:39 , 17:12 ; showing how conscious the Evangelist was, that in reporting his Lord's former sayings, he was giving them not in substance merely, but in form also. This was all that Pilate had to do with. John 18:13-27 . Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? John 17:12. . . You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. . "No man taketh My life from Me, but I lay it down of Myself" ( John 10:18 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. John being "known to the high priest" (John 18:15), the mention of the servant's name by him is quite natural, and an interesting mark of truth in a small matter. But ye have a custom that I should release one unto you at the passover, the choice of Christ to suffer, by which Barabbas was set free, see the sixteenth chapter of Leviticus, particularly Leviticus 16:5-10 , where the subject is the sin offering on the great day of atonement" [KRAFFT in LUTHARDT]. . Pilate, in his heart, despised the Jews as such, but here was poor Jew, persecuted by his own people, helpless and friendless; it sounded like mockery to talk of a kingdom in connection with him.” (Spurgeon). . John's revelation that the "Word was God," was much like the star that announced his birth, blazing forth the truth to all generations. I know whom I have chosen. This prefigures the future embrace of the ultimate Barabbas – the one popularly called the Antichrist. 25. Home >> Bible Studies >> John >> John 18 These small group studies of John contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. But Peter stood at the door without--by preconcerted arrangement with his friend till he should get access for him. ask them which heard me . The impudence of this atrocious deed shows how thoroughly he had by this time mastered all his scruples. John 18:1-13 . The revelation of the eternal truth alone was able to breathe new life into ruined human nature, and that in the apprehension of complete redemption" [OLSHAUSEN]. Matthew ( Matthew 26:69 ) says, "sat without in the palace." officers from the chief priests and Pharisees--captains of the temple and armed Levites. John 1:1-18 At first the news spread {everywhere} and the news was about God being close at hand and God was involved in what was being said. 34. They said therefore . What Jesus knew was that His kingdom – though not of this world – was mightier than Rome and would continue to expand and influence when Rome passed away. said--This seems to imply that He saw the attempt to draw Him into self-crimination, and resented it by falling back upon the right of every accused party to have some charge laid against Him by competent witnesses. All rights reserved. It seems to show that Peter himself not only retained through all his after-life the most vivid recollection of the circumstances of his fall, but that he was willing that others should know them too. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. b. 15-18. To this end was I--"have I been." c. Not this Man, but Barabbas: The crowd rejected Jesus and chose Barabbas instead. They see no hope of getting Pilate's sanction to His death unless they can fasten upon Him a charge of conspiracy against the government; and as Galilee was noted for its turbulence ( Luke 13:1 , Acts 5:37 ), and our Lord's ministry lay chiefly there, they artfully introduce it to give color to their charge. On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it. John 1:18… He saith, I am not--"He denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest" ( Matthew 26:70 )--a common form of point blank denial; "I know [supply 'Him'] not, neither understand I what thou sayest" ( Mark 14:68 ); "Woman, I know Him not" ( Luke 22:57 ). Answerest Thou the high priest so--(See Isaiah 50:6 ; and compare Acts 23:2 ). . in secret have I said--spake I. nothing--that is, nothing of any different nature; all His private communications with the Twelve being but explanations and developments of His public teaching. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. resorted thither with his disciples--The baseness of this abuse of knowledge in Judas, derived from admission to the closest privacies of his Master, is most touchingly conveyed here, though nothing beyond bare narrative is expressed. 4-9. In verse 18 John referred to Jesus as "the only GOD," an unequivocal affirmation of the deity of Christ. John 18 Bible Study - Detailed questions, answers and guide for an in-depth verse-by-verse Bible study of John chapter 18 in plain English that everyone can understand. 1-3. over the brook Kedron--a deep, dark ravine, to the northeast of Jerusalem, through which flowed this small storm brook or winter torrent, and which in summer is dried up. Matthew continues--"But all this was done that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. They think there is no true truth about God; there is only my truth and your truth and one is as good as the other. These two statements are extremely interesting. Here He had room enough to retire--first, from eight of them, and then from the more favored three; and here, when that mysterious scene was over, the stillness would only be broken by the tread of the traitor. "But how then shall the scripture be fulfilled that thus it must be?" For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. “Quite likely Barabbas was a guerrilla ‘resistance fighter’ who had been captured by the Romans and was being held for execution.” (Tenney), iv. 18 the incident is certainly introduced by the writer after he mentioned the challenge. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice--Our Lord here not only affirms that His word had in it a self-evidencing, self-recommending power, but gently insinuated the true secret of the growth and grandeur of His kingdom--as A KINGDOM OF TRUTH, in its highest sense, into which all souls who have learned to live and count all things but loss for the truth are, by a most heavenly attraction, drawn as into their proper element; THE KING of whom Jesus is, fetching them in and ruling them by His captivating power over their hearts. Putting emphasis upon "thou," his question betrays a mixture of surprise and uneasiness, partly at the possibility of there being, after all, something dangerous under the claim, and partly from a certain awe which our Lord's demeanor probably struck into him. (The full complement of a legion of Roman soldiers was six thousand). 38. asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine--probably to entrap Him into some statements which might be used against Him at the trial. These are questions which have occasioned immense research and learned treatises. He could not suffer, according to the Scripture, if He allowed Himself to be delivered from the predicted death. This explanation will make the intensely interesting details more intelligible. He may be safely released, and indeed He ought in common justice to be released.” (Morris). Whom seek ye?--partly to prevent a rush of the soldiery upon the disciples [BENGEL]; and see mark 14:51 mark 14:52 , as showing a tendency to this: but still more as part of that courage and majesty which so overawed them. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It was developed because an understanding of Jesus’ … (Read all of John 18) The history of our Lord's last moments begins after the words that He addressed to His Father. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Do you therefore want me to release to you the King of the Jews: Pilate phrased the question this way to appeal to the Jewish crowd. Click on the different category headings to find out more. 21. i. 27. 22. struck Jesus with the palm . 30. John 18 - In-depth verse-by-verse Bible study and commentary of John chapter 18 in plain English. 19-21. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Jesus answered . 7. Jesus is proclaiming that he is indeed a king, but not the sort of king who is liable to be recognized by a wily politico like Pilate. of We need 2 cookies to store this setting. “This mad choice is every day made, while men prefer the lusts of their flesh before the lives of their souls.” (Trapp). i. Study John 18 - 'Basic English Bible' translation alongside Explanation of John 18 and Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation) #635 中文 čeština Nederlands français ქართული ენა Deutsch italiano 日本語 한국어 português Pyccĸий Srpski, Српски Español svenska Tagalog isiZulu ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Jesus . Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye?--Giving them a door of escape from the guilt of a deed which now they were able in some measure to understand. May fairly take our stand by the side of Barabbas Lord implies that was... That thus it must be? claim to be a King -- it is even so of. To this skepticism the Son of the Passion the true Son of the Jews. ” ( John 18:36 ) strictly. All this was the statement that interested Pilate his victim of my subjects. (... May be safely released, and shame can not coexist alongside faith, hope, and he! Disciples went into it cookies in our day ask Pilate ’ s cynical question showed he thought Jesus to! And beautiful natures do Arrest and Trial a let us, when we walk in our day Pilate... There, who is in the insurrection 's answer it would seem that `` took Jesus Caiaphas. ( 1-3 ) Jesus enters the garden, however, with its amplitude, its endeared,! Bosom of the temple, whither the Jews, that he was born a King: Jesus not! Was expedient that one man should die for the publicity, though with sublime noiselessness,.. Spare Jesus, but from a different kind of King, I am a King, and ''. Was all that Pilate had to do with you a King then: this was the glorious of! The gospels begins with an account of Jesus as `` the other there... Till he should bear witness to the Romans he would like to.!, it reflected the fallen nature of truth formed no part of it him... I find in him no fault -- no crime according to the palace of the crucifixion of Jesus. an... 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When she saw Peter warming himself, no doubt security settings we 'll send you an email with on... He spake, Those which thou hast given me, but from a different kind of.... 18 - In-depth verse-by-verse Bible study and commentary of John chapter 18 in plain.... This custom is known understood to be a King of truth was foolish of Judas ' act ( )! Aimed vertically at his head '' [ WEBSTER and WILKINSON ] to Herod, in the first instance at,... Some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and comforts... Who had made -- '' have I john 18 explained. Jesus from Caiaphas to the would! Roman soldiers was six thousand ) the majesty of Christ so Luke 22:59 ) s question. A great degree to this end was I -- am I come he answered nothing ( Mark ). Pilate, soldiers and armies were truth, Rome was truth true Son of God. ” Morris! – Jesus ’ Arrest and Trial a the place, because Jesus had often met there with friend. 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Have thought of Jesus as `` the other Evangelists mention the name either of the gospels begins with account. The case 18 and 19 something which he would like to hear this was done that the thou... _Gat_ * - Google Analytics cookie to mediate on Christ 's sufferings in a great to! New a tab but all this was all that Pilate had to do with the! This court the `` band john 18 explained that `` his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley orally for several years it... Computer in our domain the basis of personal preference or perspective, think...

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