Rudyard Kipling was a British author in the late 19th and early 20th century. All the while he had remained keenly observant of the thronging spectacle of native India, which had engaged his interest and affection from earliest childhood. In South Africa, where he spent much time, he was given a house by Cecil Rhodes, the diamond magnate and South African statesman. Kipling’s poems and stories were extraordinarily popular in the late 19th and early 20th century, but after World War I his reputation as a serious writer suffered through his being widely viewed as a jingoistic imperialist. His most successful novel was Kim (1901). (His rehabilitation was attempted, however, by T.S. Kipling was a man of two worlds, somebody who was accepted by both his British counterparts and the native population. John Donne, leading English poet of the Metaphysical school, is often considered the greatest loved poet in the English language. In November 1887, Kipling became assistant editor at the … Wolcott had died suddenly of typhoid fever and Carrie needed Kipling to be with her. Between 1885 and 1888, Rudyard Kipling went to Simla each year for his annual leave and the town, which became a center of power in India for six months of the year, features quite strongly in his stories. In 1902 Kipling bought a house at Burwash, Sussex, which remained his home until his death. Embed this Biography stories. He moved to England in 1889 and enjoyed a meteoric rise to literary fame, especially after the appearance of Barrack-Room Ballads (1892). Kipling was the recipient of many honorary degrees and other awards. The turn of the century saw the publication of another novel that would become quite popular, Kim (1901), which featured a youth's adventure on the Grand Trunk Road. Mini Bio (1) Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. Alice (one of the four noted MacDonald sisters) was a vivacious woman, about whom Lord Dufferin would say, "Dullness and Mrs Kipling cannot exist in the same room." Rudyard Kipling's early stories and poems about life in colonial India made him a great favorite with English readers. The job offered Kipling a good excuse to discover his surroundings. Along with his younger sister, Alice, he reveled in exploring the local markets with his nanny. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. Most of his work celebrated the English Empire and its soldiers in India. Kipling's experiences during this time formed the backbone for a series of stories he began to write and publish. Kipling's books during his years at Bateman's included Puck of Pook's Hill (1906), Actions and Reactions (1909), Debts and Credits (1926), Thy Servant a Dog (1930) and Limits and Renewals (1932). "Behold us," he wrote in a November 1902 letter, "lawful owners of a grey stone, lichened house—A.D. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The writer’s life also generates interest in people: it was exciting and complicated. To those who knew him, it was clear that Kipling never recovered from Josephine's death. Achievements Kipling was the recipient of many honorary degrees and other awards. The book's name had, in fact, come from Josephine, who told her father he had to repeat each tale as he always had, or "just so," as Josephine often said. Author of. He was educated in England but returned to India in 1882. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! When he finished he studies he went back to India and worked as a journalist. December 30, 1865 - January 18, 1936. British author Beatrix Potter wrote and illustrated more than 20 children's books starring Peter Rabbit, Jemima Puddle-Duck and Benjamin Bunny. Kipling did recover, but his beloved Josephine did not. Kipling was delighted to be around children—a characteristic that was apparent in his writing. His fame was redoubled upon the publication in 1892 of the verse collection Barrack-Room Ballads, which contained such popular poems as “Mandalay,” “Gunga Din,” and “Danny Deever.” Not since the English poet Lord Byron had such a reputation been achieved so rapidly. Updates? Unable or unwilling to adjust to life in America, the Kiplings returned to England in 1896. His work during this time included The Jungle Book (1894), The Naulahka: A Story of West and East (1892) and The Second Jungle Book (1895), among others. In this ballad, an Afghan chieftain named Kamal raids … Rudyard Kipling Biography - English Journalist, Short-Story Writer, Poet, and Novelist #RudyardKipling #biography #poet Kipling revered the new home, with its lush gardens and classic details. He died in 1936. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A decade later, Kipling married Caroline Balestier and settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he wrote The Jungle Book (1894), among a host of other works that made him hugely successful. Today he is best known for his Jungle Books and Kim, a … But life again took another dramatic turn for the family when Kipling had a major falling out with Beatty. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? He is best known for authoring 'The Hobbit' and 'The Lord of the Rings' trilogy. Kipling's solace came in books and stories. Thereafter he returned to India to work as a journalist. Adopting the role of the head of the household, she held reporters at bay when they came calling and issued directions to both staff and children. By the age of 11, Kipling was on the verge of a nervous breakdown. Biography of Rudyard Kipling an English poet, short-story writer, and novelist chiefly remembered for his celebration of British imperialism, tales and poems of British soldiers in India, and his tales for children. At the time of his birth, his parents, John and Alice, were recent arrivals in India as part of the British Empire. It haunted Kipling for the rest of his life—but always as the glorious place celebrated in Stalky & Co. (1899) and related stories: an unruly paradise in which the highest goals of English education are met amid a tumult of teasing, bullying, and beating. Kipling seemed to adore his new life, which soon saw the Kiplings welcome their first child, a daughter named Josephine (born in 1893), and a second daughter, Elsie (born in 1896). The property had been erected in 1634, and for the private Kiplings, it offered the kind of isolation they now cherished. Since Josephine's death, Kipling and John had grown tremendously close. Rudyard Kipling Biography Stories. The works of Rudyard Kipling, who in 1907 became the first English writer to be awarded the Nobel Prize, have left a mixed legacy: Kipling is recog­nized for his extraordinary ear for language, his precise use of spare, vivid imagery, and his innovative plots and deceptively simple structure. Nighttime, especially, proved to be valuable for the young writer. As a result, in 1896, he and his family left Vermont for a new life back in England. He published the verse collection Departmental Ditties in 1886, the short-story collection Plain Tales from the Hills in 1888, and between 1887 and 1889 he brought out six paper-covered volumes of short stories. Health issues eventually caught up to both Kipling and Carrie, the result of age and grief. To help relax his mind, Alice took her son on an extended vacation and then placed him in a new school in Devon. In 1926 he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Literature, which only Scott, Meredith, and Hardy had been awarded before him. The Kiplings were broke. He lauded British imperialism. He then went on to the United Services College at Westward Ho, north Devon, a new, inexpensive, and inferior boarding school. When he was five he was sent with his sister to board with a captain and his wife in Portsmouth while his parents stayed in India. When Kipling returned to England in 1889, his reputation had preceded him, and within a year he was acclaimed as one of the most brilliant prose writers of his time. Kipling’s father, John Lockwood Kipling, was an artist and scholar who had considerable influence on his son’s work, became curator of the Lahore Museum, and is described presiding over this “wonder house” in the first chapter of Kim, Rudyard’s most famous novel. Both Kipling and young Josephine arrived in the states gravely ill with pneumonia. That year the young couple moved to the United States and settled on Mrs. Kipling’s property in Vermont, but their manners and attitudes were considered objectionable by their neighbours. Bateman's, the house purchased by Rudyard Kipling in 1902, Burwash, East Sussex, England. The life of the youngest-ever winner of the Nobel Prize for literature, Rudyard Kipling, was filled with tragedy. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Rudyard Kipling was an English author famous for an array of works like 'Just So Stories,' 'If' and 'The Jungle Book.' He died in 1936. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). But as was often the case in Kipling's life, good fortune was accompanied by hard luck. In 1986, he became the first African to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. The English poet and story writer Rudyard Kipling was one of the first masters of the short story in English, and he was the first to use Cockney dialect (the manner in which natives of London, England's, East End speak) in serious poetry. These convictions are not to be dismissed in a word: they were bound up with a genuine sense of a civilizing mission that required every Englishman, or, more broadly, every white man, to bring European culture to those he considered the heathen natives of the uncivilized world. In the winter of 1899, Carrie, who was homesick, decided that the family needed to travel back to New York to see her mother. The two men grew close and even traveled together to the United States, where Balestier introduced his fellow writer to his childhood home of Brattleboro, Vermont. During the Japanese leg of the journey, Kipling learned that his bank, the New Oriental Banking Corporation, had failed. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize for Literature, the first Englishman to be so honoured. His only break from the Holloways came in December, when Kipling, who told nobody of his problems at school or with his foster parents, traveled to London to stay with relatives for the month. Kipling was the recipient of the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. In 1907, Rudyard Kipling was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Finally, Kipling made use of his connections and managed to get John enlisted with the Irish Guard as a second lieutenant. He was dedicated as ever to his writing, something Carrie helped ensure. He is most famous for his children's stories, including The Jungle Book and the Just So Stories. The sights and sounds, even the language, which he'd believed he'd forgotten, rushed back to him upon his arrival. His father, an artist, was the head of the Department of Architectural Sculpture at the Jeejeebhoy School of Art in Bombay. The Ballad of East and West. Childhood and youth . The biography contains the life history of popular writer, Rudyard Kipling. In the spring of 1891, the Kiplings purchased from Carrie's brother Beatty a piece of land just north of Brattleboro and had a large home constructed, which they called the Naulahka. Wanting to help his son enlist, Kipling drove John to several different military recruiters. A decade later, Kipling married Caroline Balestier and settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he wrote The Jungle Book (1894), among a host of other works that made him hugely successful. This autobiography/biography was written at the time of … Carrington's was the authorised biography, but that was published as long ago as 1955. Home › British › Rudyard Kipling December 30, 1865 117 views ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Thanks for rating! This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. When he died, two days before King George V, he must have seemed to many a far less representative Englishman than his sovereign. Rudyard Kipling is an English writer born in 1865 in Bombay. His father was a professor in an art school. His novel The Light That Failed (1890) is the story of a painter going blind and spurned by the woman he loves. He published in 1886, his first collection of Verse, Departmental Ditties. Kipling returned to India in 1882 and worked for seven years as a journalist. Kipling's work entered the realm of mass popular entertainment in the Disney film adaptation of The Jungle Book, a 1967 animated musical loosely based on the original tale. Over his last few years, Kipling suffered from a painful ulcer that eventually took his life on January 18, 1936. Rudyard Kipling - Poets, Life Achievements and Personal Life. In 1907, Rudyard Kipling received the Nobel Prize in literature “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author". Kipling made his home with his parents in Lahore and, with his father's help, found a job with a local newspaper. Rudyard Kipling was an English author famous for an array of works like 'Just So Stories,' 'If' and 'The Jungle Book.' He particularly adored the work of Daniel Defoe, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins. Besides numerous short-story collections and poetry collections such as The Seven Seas (1896), Kipling published his best-known novels in the 1890s and immediately thereafter. Please try to rate again. The two men quarreled, and when Kipling made noise about taking his brother-in-law to court because of threats Beatty had made to his life, newspapers across America broadcast the spat on their front pages. But plagued with the same eyesight problems his father had, John was repeatedly turned down. Kipling rushed back to England, and within eight days of his return, the two married at a small ceremony attended by American writer Henry James. His poems included “Mandalay,” “Gunga Din,” and “If—.” His children’s stories included The Jungle Book (1894) and Just So Stories (1902). In 1907, Kipling received a Nobel Prize for literature, the first English-language author to win the prestigious award. He vowed never to return to America. They were eventually assembled into a collection of 40 short stories called Plain Tales From the Hills, which gained wide popularity in England. Rudyard Kipling Biography, Stories, Books, Poems, Nobel Prize Ever after Kipling remained very aware that Americans were “foreigners,” and he extended to them, as to the French, no more than a semi-exemption from his proposition that only “lesser breeds” are born beyond the English Channel. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rudyard-Kipling, The Victorian Web - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, British Library - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, The Nobel Prize - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, Poetry Foundation - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Rudyard Kipling, Rudyard Kipling - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 1887- Kipling joined the newspaper The Pioneer, Allahabad. 1634 over the door—beamed, paneled, with old oak staircase and all untouched and unfaked.". These connections were of lifelong importance to Kipling. But the journey across the Atlantic was brutal, and New York was frigid. Published: 1889. When the poet laureate Alfred, Lord Tennyson, died in 1892, it may be said that Kipling took his place in popular estimation. In 1892 Kipling married Caroline Balestier, the sister of Wolcott Balestier, an American publisher and writer with whom he had collaborated in The Naulahka (1892), a facile and unsuccessful romance. Eliot.) The Jungle Book (1894) and The Second Jungle Book (1895) are stylistically superb collections of stories. The two appeared to be just friends, but during the Christmas holiday in 1891, Kipling, who had traveled back to India to see his family, received an urgent cable from Carrie. As much of Europe braced for war with Germany, Kipling proved to be an ardent supporter of the fight. Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born on December 30, 1865, in Bombay. Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles L. Dodgson, author of the children's classics 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' and 'Through the Looking-Glass.'. 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