Several breed-specific and nonspecific health issues appear in the breed, including a condition in young dogs nicknamed "westie jaw" which causes an overgrowth of bone in the jaw of the dog. , Other less common conditions which appear in the breed include hydroxyglutaric aciduria, which is where elevated levels of Alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid are in the dog's urine, blood plasma, and spinal fluid. The modern breed is descended from a number of breeding programs of white terriers in Scotland before the 20th century.  In 1903, Malcolm declared that he did not want to be known as the creator of the breed and insisted that his breed of white terriers be renamed. A higher proportion of males are affected compared to females. Some sources suggest that due to their history as rodent catchers, their tails were bred to be thick so that a Westie trapped in a hole could be easily pulled out by the tail. Records of West Highland White Terriers can be traced back to the 15th century when they were first bred to hunt vermin, foxes and otters in their native Scotland. It has been in the top third of all breeds in the US since the 1960s. They are independent and somewhat stubborn. Status: Available . ... Champion West Highland Terrier Study the breed standard, get a clear image in your mind of the type you want. They need either a short to moderate walk on leash or a good game in the yard every day. However, this is a decrease in numbers since 2001, when it was the most popular terrier breed, with 11,019 new dogs registered. I am a great guard dog too. Note: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Their short legs aided in maneuverability in different types of terrain. The White Highland Terrier temperament is affable by nature, and simply doesn’t fall victim to little dog syndrome (as many Terrier’s do). The West Highland White Terrier is generally a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 13-15 years. Affectionately known as a Westie dog, the West Highland White Terrier is a small breed of dog from Scotland. But the bonnie, bold West Highland White Terrier was bred with a wiggly little tail strong enough to withstand being used to pull these earthdogs from burrows and holes. , The temperament of the West Highland White Terrier can vary greatly, with some being friendly towards children, while others prefer solitude. They can be vocal and can dig.  Canadian Kennel Club recognition followed in 1909. Their often have long tails. Edward Malcolm succeeded the Countess as the club's second chairman. The first member of the breed to win a show championship was Ch. The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. The breed came about in the mid-19th century when a Scottish breeder of the Cairn Terrierwhelped some white pups in his litters. This, too, is the origin of the West Highland White Terrier, which is thought to have originally been part of the Cairn breed. Ready to see what dogs fit you best? Yorkshire Terrier may grow 7 cm / 2 inches shorter than West Highland White Terrier. At one time the Westie, Skye, Cairn, and Scottish Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity. Breed: West Highland White Terrier . In fact, the AKC first registered them as the Roseneath Terrier in 1908, but the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier in 1909. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier.  It was ranked 30th-most popular in 2001, based on registrations with the American Kennel Club, which has varied around the 30s in the decade since, with it ranked 34th in 2010. , The breed is predisposed to conditions found in many breeds, such as abdominal hernias. We only breed dogs with sweet temperaments and good looks that conform to the West Highland Terrier standards that have passed their tests for a healthy heart, hips and eyes. (Do not try this at home.) Radiographic testing can be conducted to diagnose the condition, in which the bones around the jaw thicken; additionally, the blood may show increased calcium levels and enzyme levels. Learn which are good with children and which make good apartment dogs.  The fur fills out the face to give a rounded appearance. West Highland Terriers generally have dark, deep-set … The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. The breed was created by taking any white puppies from a litter and selectively breeding from them. The West Highland White Terrier originated in 17 th century Scotland and was bred to hunt rodents like rats who destroyed grain stores and spread disease. As with all the terrier breeds, the West Highland was bred as a … It can also be prone to skin disorders, with a breed-specific condition called hyperplastic dermatosis occurring. West Highland White Terrier Breed History They are one of the most popular Scottish terrier breeds today There is a common myth that Westies developed strong tails to be pulled out of rat holes They were bred selectively for their white coats According to the breed’s official history, the West Highland White Terrier was developed due to a hunting accident where Colonel Edward Malcolm of Poltalloch accidentally killed one of his Scottish terriers when out on the hunt, mistaking it for a fox. The dog was registered at the time as a Scottish Terrier, and won the title at the Scottish Kennel Club show at the age of seven months.  In young puppies, the nose and footpads have pink markings, which slowly turn black as they age. Having a typical terrier prey drive, it tends to be highly interested in toys, especially chasing balls. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, is credited with the creation of the modern breed from his Poltalloch Terrier, but did not want to be known as such. The Westie first gained attention in 1907 as the Poltalloch Terrier, named for the home of Col. E.D. Westie Staff (West Highland White Terrier x American Staffordshire Terrier mix) It has a white double coat of fur which fills out the dog's face, giving it a rounded appearance. List of West Highland White Terrier Mix Breed Dogs "My name is Mia and I am a 9 month old white with a little apricot Westiepoo (West Highland and Poodle mix) – I love playing with my toys, chewing on my bones and cuddling with my mom. It appears that the Scottish terrier, cairn terrier and West Highland white terrier all came from common stock with different fanciers culling different colors.  The Westie's paws are slightly turned out to give it better grip than flat-footed breeds when it climbs on rocky surfaces.  It is unknown if the Poltalloch Terriers and Pittenweem Terriers were interbred. One such family was the Clan MacLeod, and it was reported by their descendants that at least two Chiefs kept white terriers, including "The Wicked Man" Norman MacLeod, and his grandson Norman, who became Chief after his death. It can cause seizures, muscle stiffness, and ataxia, but is more commonly found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers. , An inherited genetic problem that exists in the breed is globoid cell leukodystrophy. Ch. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. The West Highland White Terrier often enjoys the outdoors and are a well mannered member of the household, if taken for regular exercise. West Highland White Terrier Personality & Temperament. Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu – Which one is a better dog breed for you? Other terriers developed in Scotland around the same time included the Cairn , Skye , Scottish and Dandie Dinmont terriers. Please consult the adoption organization for details on a specific pet. For prospective dog owners who are interested in a particular breed, purebred rescue …. This breed of small white Scottish terriers was given its modern name for the first time in 1908, with recognition by major kennel clubs occurring around the same time. Take our short quiz to find out! , They also have a deep chest, muscular limbs, a black nose, and a short, closely fitted jaw with "scissors" bite (lower canines locked in front of upper canines, upper incisors locked over lower incisors). Affected dogs can suffer from red hyperpigmentation, lichenification, and hair loss. It has a white double coat of fur which fills out the dog's face, giving it a rounded appearance. Check out the cutest small dog breeds. Olac Moon Pilot, and in 2016 to Burneze Geordie Girl. They are not friendly, however, toward small pets. Malcolm owned terriers used to work game; the story told is that a reddish-brown terrier was mistaken for a fox and shot. These type-A terriers are entirely too feisty to … To get the latest on pet adoption and pet care, sign up to hear from us. Undoubtably a terrier, these dogs are independent thinkers, but their loyalty and intelligence have made them a popular addition to many families. Dianthus Buttons, owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title for the breed in 1976. The club was renamed during the following year to the West Highland White Terrier Club of America.  The dog seemed to produce these white puppies regardless of the sire to which she was bred, and after drowning over 20 of these offspring, he came upon the theory that it was an ancient trait of the Scottish Terrier that was trying to reappear. The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed.  A degeneration of the hip joint, known as Legg–Calvé–Perthes syndrome, also occurs in the breed.  The typical litter size is between three and five puppies. The white dogs were easier to spot in the fields, and this was their big advantage. The Westie is very loyal and smart but … The king ordered that a dozen of these white terriers be procured from Argyll to be presented to the Kingdom of France as a gift. Selective breeding based on such qualities as coat type or color likely produced the different breeds who would have easily remained distinct in the relative isolation of the various parts of the Scottish mainland and the western islands of the country. Welcome to West Highland White Terrier Home.  The breed's position in the United States is more stable with it remaining in the top third of all breeds since around 1960. The West Highland White Terrier shares their roots with the other terriers of Scotland, protecting homes and farms from fox, badger, and rodents. The breed was registered with the AKC under the name Roseneath Terrier 1908 and the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier the following year. He rededicated his breeding program to produce white Scottish Terriers with the aim of restoring it to the same stature as the dark-coloured breed. Often referred to a “Westies” or “Westys,” West Highland Terriers originated in Scotland and were first given their modern name in the early 1900s.  As puppies develop into adults, their coarse outer coat is normally removed by either "hand-stripping", especially for dog-showing, or otherwise clipping. , The first breed club was set up in 1904; Niall Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll, was the society's first president. Contact us today and get your own puppy! Small, active and hardy, West Highland White Terriers have a healthy dose of confidence, with a mischievous look. They are a very energetic and boisterous breed, needing regular exercise of around one hour per day.  This makes regular training from a young age of particular importance. , Scottish white terriers were recorded as early as during the reign of James VI of Scotland, who reigned between 1567 and 1625. Because the breed was not yet recognised independently, the championship title was not retained when the dog was reregistered as a West Highland White Terrier. Affected males and females can be affected for different lengths of time, with symptoms in females lasting between four and six weeks, while males can be affected the rest of their lives. In major conformation shows, the breed has been equally successful on both sides of the Atlantic. West Highland White Terrier Originating from Scottish decent as an avid hunter and game terrier, the Westi is a popular breed of choice for terrier lovers due to his charming personality. It has seen great popularity thanks to a number of advertising campaigns using the breed as its mascot. We strongly recommend that you read the Westie Frequently Asked Questions page and the Acquiring a West Highland White Terrier … The busy Westie is often happy, curious, and always in the thick of things. Malcolm, who had been promoting the short-legged white terriers for many years. , Commonly, Westies have bright, deep-set, almond-shaped eyes that are dark in colour.  The same title was taken by Barbara Worcester's Ch. In some areas, it may be difficult to keep their coat white. It typically appears in dogs under a year old, and can cause problems for the dog to chew or swallow food. Cameron, published in 1908. The condition typically develops over one to three days, resulting in tremors of the head and limbs, ataxia, and hypermetria.  Westies also have short and sturdy tails. SaveMEDIUM: This breed is very active indoors, so daily walks and play should satisfy their exercise needs.  It is ranked in the average range as 88th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs. As you know the dues statements went out in November and Patty Fleming is working very hard to take on this new task as the Corresponding Secretary for the club. , They have a soft, dense, thick undercoat and a rough outer coat, which can grow to about 2 inches (5.1 cm) long. , The person most closely associated with developing the modern breed of West Highland White Terrier is Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch. These include the Dandie Dinmont, Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier and Cairn Terriers.  A club survey puts the average lifespan at 11.4 years.  The breed is also one of the least likely to be affected by a luxating patella, where the knee cap slips out of place.  The body should be shorter than the height of the dog at the shoulder.  The first win at a major show came at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1942 when Constance Winant's Ch. Initially, it was also known at the time as the Roseneath Terrier, and the Roseneath Terrier Club was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1908. They can be affectionate and demanding, one of the friendliest terriers. It is a neurological disease wherein the dog lacks the enzyme galactosylceramidase. , It is a hardy breed, and can be stubborn, leading to issues with training. Major concerns: globoid cell leukodystrophy, Legg–Perthes, CMO, skin disease, Minor concerns: copper toxicosis, cataract, patellar luxation, KCS.  Other families on Skye preserved both white and sandy-coloured dogs. The Westie is highly social and is the most friendly and jolly of all the Scottish breeds of terriers. Measuring an average of 11 inches with a weight of 20 pounds or less, the Westie is a small but robust breed. As this condition is most commonly found in Westies and Maltese, the condition was originally thought to be connected to the genes for white coats, but the same condition has since been found in other nonwhite breeds including the Yorkshire Terrier and the Dachshund. The West Highland White Terrier shares their roots with the other terriers of Scotland, protecting homes and farms from fox, badger, and rodents. Symptoms slowly increase until limb paralysis begins to occur. In some cases, tube feeding may be necessary. At one time the Westie, Skye, Cairn, and Scottish Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity. PRICE JACK ADULT MALE. The popularity of the breed during the early 20th century was such that dogs were being exchanged for hundreds of guineas. The breed has gone under several different names, including Roseneath, Poltalloch, White Scottish, Little Skye, and Cairn. It is normally independent, assured, and self-confident, and can make a good watchdog. The condition appears across many breeds, including several different types of terriers, as well as other unrelated breeds such as the Great Dane. The Australian dog food manufacturer Mars Incorporated uses the West Highland White Terrier breed as the face of their My Dog brand. Their wire coat needs combing two or three times weekly, and potentially professional grooming every three months.  Another genetic condition that affects the breed is "white dog shaker syndrome". ... the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health and training information for dogs. The West Highland White Terrier originates from Poltalloch, Scotland, and was once called the Poltalloch Terrier and later was called the Roseneath Terrier, named after the Duke of Argyll’s estate. Since that date they have made quite a name for themselves, being established as one of the most popular terriers in the home. They have strong teeth and jaws. The breed shares its ancestry with other well-known Scottish dogs namely the Dandie Dinmont, the Cairn Terrier and the Scottie. The breed is used as the mascot of the Cesar brand of dog food. The West Highland White Terrier Club of America strives to educate the public on whether the Westie is the right dog for their family and lifestyle because the Westie is not for everyone. Wheaten-coloured Cairns occasionally produced white pups, and so the Colonel chose to selectively breed his Cairns for white coats to improve the visibility of his hunting terriers. Find West Highland White Terrier Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful West Highland White Terrier information.  Sandy- and brindle-coloured dogs were seen as hardier than those of other colours, and white dogs were seen as being weak. About the West Highland White Terrier. Flaxman is credited with classes being added to dog shows for white Scottish Terriers towards the end of the 19th century. I may be small, but I am mighty!"  At various times during the breed's existence, it has been considered a white offshoot of both the Scottish Terrier and the Cairn Terrier breeds. Kennel Club recognition followed in 1907, and the breed appeared at Crufts for the first time in the same year. The breed is intelligent, quick to learn, and can be good with children, but does not always tolerate rough handling.  Another breed of white Scottish terriers also appeared at this point, with Dr. Americ Edwin Flaxman from Fife developing his line of "Pittenweem Terriers" out of a female Scottish Terrier which produced white offspring.  As of 2010, the Westie is the third-most popular breed of terrier in the UK, with 5,361 puppies registered with the Kennel Club. Their ears are pointed and erect. That's a tail, not a handle! Weight 6.8–9.1 kg (15–20 lb) Height 25–28 cm (9.8–11.0 in) Coat Double Colour White. It is characterized by a generalized muscle tremor in young dogs, age five months to 3 years old and the cause is unknown. It is not breed-specific, and can appear in Cairn Terriers and other breeds including Beagles and Pomeranians. Did You Know? The breed dates back to more than a century, and the American Kennel Club recognized it in the U.S. in 1908.  The breed spent the period that immediately followed as being "in vogue", becoming popular almost immediately upon its arrival in the US. Wolvey Pattern of Edgerstoune won the title of Best in Show. The West Highland White Terrier (known affectionately as the Westie) is a small dog breed originating in Scotland, bred to hunt small rodents. Elfinbrook Simon in 1962. The symptoms are noticeable as the puppy develops, and can be identified by the age of 30 weeks. Other related breeds included George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll's Roseneath Terrier and Dr Americ Edwin Flaxman's Pittenweem Terriers.  Veterinary clinic data from the UK show a typical lifespan of 10.5 to 15 years. During these years, they can face a few canine health problems, which are explained below: Cataracts: It is a condition where it cause sopacity on the lens … , George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, chief of Clan Campbell, bred a breed of white Scottish terriers known as the "Roseneath Terrier". Breeds with high prey drives enjoy tossing and retrieving games, but the object of the game should be a ball or a Frisbee, not a live animal. The West Highland White Terrier (or simply the Westie) is a popular small-sized dog breed, known for its liveliness, friendliness, and completely white fur.Most of all, this dog is a companion and he will love family life. CONTACT US. It is normally treated with anti-inflammatory medications, and the feeding of soft foods. In the initial stages, this condition can be misdiagnosed as allergies or less serious forms of dermatitis. , "Breed Information Centre: West Highland Terrier", "The West Highland White Terrier: A Spunky Scot", "West Highland White Terrier Breed Profile", "West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report", "Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England", "Inbreeding impact on litter size and survival in selected canine breeds", "2007 West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report", "Col. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, and the West Highland White Terrier", "Comparative Tables of Registrations for the Years 2001 – 2010 Inclusive", "J.K. Rowling is a proud dog mom and wants everyone to know it", "Casting row dogs the remake of Greyfriar's Bobby", "Meet Olivia, the Cute Dog Who Starred in Both 'Widows' and 'Game Night' This Year", "Jeeves and Wooster: the complete series", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Highland_White_Terrier&oldid=999462566, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Age : 12 Weeks . The Westie can be seen on My Dog packaging, website, In the Brazilian television animated series, The 'McDuff' series of children's books written and illustrated by American author, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 08:53. Because of their high prey drive, Westies should be exercised while leashed or in a secure or enclosed area. Due to it being a hereditary condition, owners should avoid breeding affected animals to eliminate it from the breed. Their harsh double coat, especially the hard, straight outer coat, helped to provide protection from the elements. 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