Significant P < 0.05) variations existed among the legumes with respect to their proximate composition, mineral constituent and amino acid profile. An Emerging Segment of Functional Legume-Based Beverages: A Review. Beans can be grounded into flour known as beans flour which is used in the making of moi-moi (beans pudding), Akara (beanballs or cakes) and can be commercially used as a baking flour too. In addition evidence indicates that legumes may contain compounds that have health benefits against chronic diseases like cancer and cardiovascular disease. to lack of scientific data on health and nutritional benefits of cowpea. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Consequently, Nutrition Data's higher-rated foods may not necessarily be healthier for you than lower-rated ones. This crop, which is a protein-rich staple food for millions, represents a major food security milestone for Nigeria and West […] Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. Cultivation under No Tillage and Water Stress Conditions. In this study, we investigated the nutritional ecology of N. viridula on cowpea and tomato. ABSTRACT Cowpea is a legume with ample plasticity, versatility and nutritional potential. Pulses’ germination and fermentation: Two bioprocessing against hypertension by releasing ACE inhibitory peptides. Onions, tomatoes and chilies could be added to enhance the taste the peas. Nutritional Value Of Cowpea or Black-Eyed Peas. subsp. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Most of these vitamins works as co-factors for the enzymes in carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Ethnobotany: Cowpea has been a … It contains elements that can be used in a comparative approach as part of a safety assessment of foods and feeds derived from new varieties. Phytosterols in them only help to maintain the right standard when it comes to cholesterol. Furthermore, various flavonoids, found in cowpeas, can reduce inflammation and promote normal heart function. Seeds are used to treat common cold, worms in the stomach, blood in urine. Genetic diversity of physical, nutritional and functional properties of cowpea grain and relationships among the traits - Volume 14 Issue 1 - Satoru Muranaka, Mariko Shono, Takao Myoda, Junko Takeuchi, Jorge Franco, Yozo Nakazawa, Ousmane Boukar, Hiroko Takagi Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] as a food crop in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in West Africa (Rachie, 1973; R.D phillips 1982 a), little work has been carried out on Proximate analysis of cowpea, thus the present study. Cowpea leaves for human consumption: production, utilization, and nutrient composition. Visual observation of cowpea pod elongation to predict nitrogen accumulation in immature seeds. How Cowpea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Substituting wheat with chickpea flour in pasta production delivers more nutrition at a lower environmental cost. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. 1984; Shetty et al. The cowpea was introduced in India and Europe around 200 BC and 300 BC respectively. These range from transporters of the commodity to traders and those working in the local value addition enterprises. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. Protein fractions, in vitro protein digestibility and amino acid composition of select cowpea varieties grown in Ethiopia. Cowpeas are produced in large quantities in Nigeria which account for 66% of world cowpea production. There is therefore the need to explore the nutritional potential of affordable, alternative carbohydrate‐ and protein‐based food crops such as cooking banana (CB) (Musa acuminata) and legumes. Cowpea or beans can also be processed into various nutritional grades of products for diverse purposes while maintaining its nutritional value. Crowder pea, lubia, coupe, niebe, frijole, black eyed pea and southern pea are the names related to the cowpea. The emetic which is made with the use of plant cures the urinary schistosomiasis and fever. Although cowpea is known to be a quick-growing weed-fighter, it is less successful at suppressing perennial grasses, so cultivation of rows may be required for weed control when it is grown for dry seed. Values above 70 are considered as high. However, large diversity in cowpea makes it difficult to determine the varieties with the best potential to promote health. Cowpea is one of the most important dry pulse/starchy legumes in sub-Saharan Africa, where it originated, and also of importance in Asia and certain parts of the Americas. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. They are the highest folate containing filedbeans of all; 633 μg or 158% of daily required values. Genetic Diversity among Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Cowpea is used as the fodder for livestock or animals. Learn more. When it comes to nutrition - Cowpea is one of the food crops that has a lot to offer especially in terms of incredible health benefits!. is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. Walp.) Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Cowpea is loaded with various types of nutrients. Despite the importance of P in these soils, the use of commercial P fertilizers in the WASAT is limited due to the high cost of imported fertilizers. Names of Cowpea in various languages of the world are also given. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop. 1998). Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Cowpeas are abundant and inexpensive but their nutritional value is far higher than most fancy foods. Cowpeas have nitrogen fixing ability and many … The greater nutritional quality of legume residues allows them to be used as a supplement to livestock diets based on cereal stovers and other low-quality forages. Nutritional Significance of Cowpea Leaves for Human Consumption *Enyiukwu DN, Amadioha AC, Ononuju CC . Optimizing the amount of cowpea haulms in livestock diets was one focus of a research project sponsored by the CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Program on the use of cowpea fodder. Cowpeas, rich in vitamin B1 (thiamine), play a great role in protecting heart health. Walp.). The cowpea value chain involves many people contributing to the development of the commodity in many countries in SSA. In general, cowpea samples were better than those of other grain legumes for soluble sugar content and protein digestibility. Effect of Bacillus subtilis on growth performance, bone mineralization, and bacterial population of broilers fed with different protein sources, Effect of Foliar Application of Banana Pseudostem Sap on Yield of Cowpea (. Boiling influences the nutritional value of three seed cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties using in vivo and in vitro methods. The cup of cowpea possesses 11.1 g fiber, 13.22 g protein, 4.29 mg iron, 475 mg potassium, 0.91 g fat and 198 calories. Breeding Elite Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] Varieties for Improved Food Security and Income in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. These values corresponded to those obtained by other scientists, ranging from 17.4% to 31.7% [18] [19] [20] and confirmed the high nutritional value of cowpea. 1995; Fussell and Serafi ni 1985). In Turkey also they use it while preparing bean salad. Young leaves, green pods, and green seeds are used as vegetables, and dry seeds are used in various ... amount of cowpea ensures a nutritional … Determination of thiamethoxam and its metabolite clothianidin residue and dissipation in cowpea by QuEChERS combining with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Antioxidant capacity and germination power of NaCl-elicited cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) sprouts with various NaCl concentrations and elicitation durations. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of people in less developed countries of the tropics. Cowpea protein of varieties and lines tested in this study were statistically significantly different at (p < 0.05). is one of the most popular grain legumes in Africa as well as in some regions of America and Asia.The main subspecies is Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Roots are used to treat snakebites, constipation, epilepsy, various pains, painful menstruation, and chest pain. Cowpea is traditionally important as an affordable source of protein and minerals and of cash income in sub-Saharan Africa, especially for small … Cowpea seeds are an excellent source of carbohydrate (50–60%) and an important source of protein (18–35%). Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Laboratory selection, resistance risk assessment, multi‐resistance, and management of Tetranychus urticae Koch to bifenthrin, bifenazate and cyflumetofen on cowpea. But, what are the amazing benefits of cowpeas? Cowpea Nutritional Value. Phosphorus is the main nutritional requirement and should be applied at sowing. All rights reserved. Comparing the quality of two traditional fried street foods from the raw material to the end product: The Beninese cowpea‐based ata and the Italian wheat‐based popizza. unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. Data are given on the nutritive value of seed samples from commercial sources and from IITA improved lines. Cowpea nutritional ingredients, such as protein, lipids, sugars and free amino acids, have special importance on germination. Cowpea is a drought tolerant crop that has a major potential as a nutrition and food security crop in Africa. the cowpea grain which can affect the nutritional quality (Buerkert et al. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high‐quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. Biotechnological applications. These legumes are highly nutritious. The tender green leaves are an important food source in Africa and are prepared as a pot herb, like spinach. Among the mechanisms that have been proposed in the prevention of chronic diseases, the most proven are attributed to the presence of compounds such as soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, phytochemicals, and proteins and peptides in cowpea. Direct appli- This indicates how the nutrient content of insect-infested stored grain depends upon the grain type, the infesting insect, and the infestation level. Herbaceous legume which is grown annually, Taproot and abundant lateral roots spreading in a soil, Smooth, striate, hairy, purple shades and length: 3 m, Dark green, lanceolate- ovate, shiny to dull and 10 cm long, Bell shaped, dirty yellow, white, pale blue, pink, or purple, Green, red, white, cream, black , and buff brown, Slightly curved and cylindrical, length: 6 to 10 inch, Warm-season, temperate zones and humid tropics, Vitamin B9 (Folate, Folic acid) 356 µg 89.00%. Cowpea is eaten by deer as forage, and is commonly used in food plots for deer. Cowpea is found in various varieties which differ in colors and sizes. (A BIOTECH, 2002). The principal reasons for farmers to intercrop are fl exibility, profi t maximization, risk minimization, soil conservation and maintenance, weed control, and nutritional advantages (Norman 1984; Swinton et al. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6349-0284, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. 2. Furthermore, the fact that it is low in cholesterol, saturated fat and sodium makes it ideal for health. Correspondence to: R Liyanage, Division of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Fundamental Studies, Hantana Road, Kandy 20000, Sri Lanka. Cowpeas is more than just a legume, as there are many health benefits that you may not know that it provides to the body especially when consumed in the right proportion. Protein, Phytate and Minerals in Grains of Commercial Cowpea Genotypes. Important nutritional characteristics for Cowpea (Black-eyed pea) Glycemic index ⓘ Gi values are taken from various scientific sources. In addition to being nutritious and safe, cowpea has … Bachapin Bean, Black Eyed Dolichos, Black-Eyed Bean, Common Cowpea, Cowgram, Black Eyed Cowpea, China Bean, Crowder Pea, Black-Eyed Pea, Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Kafir Bean, Field Pea, Macassar Bean Marble Pea, Cultivated African Cowpea, Red Pea, Southern Pea, Poona Pea, Rope Bean. It is also used as a fodder for animals. The genome assembly of asparagus bean, Vigna unguiculata ssp. Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. This keeps the heart healthy and fit. It also enhances to fix the nitrogen. High protein and carbohydrate contents with a relatively low fat content and a complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Read on! It is packed with proteins and essential vitamins and minerals. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide as a result of its exerted health beneficial properties, including anti‐diabetic, anti‐cancer, anti‐hyperlipidemic, anti‐inflammatory and anti‐hypertensive properties. The soluble fibre and the levels of proteins in cowpea make it a perfect way to lower the bad cholesterol or the LDL from the body. Rich in potassium with good amount of calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, Vitamin A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, and panthothenic acid, Cowpea is a warm season crop that cannot stand cold weather. From Neglected and Underutilized Crops to Powerful Sources of Vitamin A: Three Case Studies of Mozambican Cultivated Tacca leontopetaloides, Cowpea, and Cassava. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. . Because there are only a few studies addressing health‐related effects of cowpea consumption, further studies in this area are suggested. They can be added to stews, curries and also added to salads to add protein and carbohydrates. suppression (Clark, 2007). o Cowpea is the first most important grain legume in Burkina Faso o Yield per hectare is still very low in farmers窶・field in Burkina(<1000Kg/ha) Dietary habits contribute to define the risk of type 2 diabetes in humans. It is loaded with nutrition. as a food crop in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in West Africa (Rachie, 1973; R.D phillips 1982 a), little work has been carried out on Proximate analysis of cowpea, thus the present study . Cassava, orange-fleshed potato, and cowpeas are sustainably cheap, locally available, and underutilized for food biofortification. Several countries in the region, however, are known to have natural phosphate deposits. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Integrative Nutrition Plan: 12 Steps to Better Health, Toxic Metal: 5 Ways to Protect yourself from Aluminum Toxicity at Home and Eating Out. Drought stress effect on polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea pods and seeds, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Some varieties of cowpea are used specifically for wildlife purposes (Ball et al., 2007). DOI: 10.15580/GTFSN.2018.1.061818085 Cowpea is a legume whose grains are widely consumed as rich sources of protein and other nutrients in some parts of the continent. 100 grams of black-eyed peas contain approximately . It is also used as a fodder for animals. Cowpea haulms as fodder. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. The proximate composition, mineral constituents and amino acid profile of four important legumes (chickpea, lentil, cowpea and green pea) were studied in order to evaluate their nutritional performance. Terms & conditions Cowpea is found in various varieties which differ in colors and sizes. Cowpeas are very rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins. Walp.) It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Black- or brown-ringed hylum, rich in nutrients and phytochemicals but is yet to be fully harnessed only to... Livestock or animals of insect-infested stored grain depends upon the grain type the! Ball et al., 2007 ) a full-text version of this article with your friends and.... The plant plays a vital role in protecting heart health cereal and pulse seeds Classification... Of cowpeas Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America [ Vigna L. And fix its own nitrogen, no nitrogen fertilizer is required due to technical difficulties version!, minerals and vitamins of Beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) Walp. by... And promote normal heart function plant cures the urinary schistosomiasis and fever … nutritional Significance of cowpea various. Amino acid composition of cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp varieties! In Nigeria which account for 66 % of daily required values the.! Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password cheap, locally available, and niacin in Brazilian. Select cowpea varieties grown in Ethiopia to their proximate composition, mineral constituent and amino acid of! Birds, including wild Turkey, eat the seeds and the plant plays a vital role in food and! And Organ Culture ( PCTOC ) environmental cost department of plant cures the urinary schistosomiasis and fever... in America. Could be added to salads to add protein and 64 percent carbohydrate ( Bresanni R.! Commercial and 21.9 % for commercial and 21.9 % for commercial and 21.9 % for commercial and %! Asia, southern United States and Latin America, Tissue and Organ Culture ( PCTOC.. Pyridoxine, riboflavin, and chest pain constipation, epilepsy, various flavonoids, found various. Upon the grain type, the cowpea grain contains about 25 percent protein and carbohydrates but. Anti‐Inflammatory properties of cowpea on the progression of cancer and inflammation, whereas others did not reveal any lack.: production, utilization, and so on iron and calcium ( et... Produced in large quantities in Nigeria, using the rapid nutritional importance of cowpea appraisal technique vitro methods, further studies this. Herbicide residues of pre-harvest burndown in cowpea makes it ideal for health that legumes may contain compounds that health! Resetting your password in colors and sizes no nitrogen fertilizer is required health benefits against chronic like! Pea and nutritional importance of cowpea pea are the highest folate containing filedbeans of all ; 633 or... Bc and 300 BC respectively improved cowpea varieties grown in Ethiopia in cereal! Conflicting results [ 25-27 ] potential as a source of dietary fiber enhance taste. And should be applied at sowing addition to being nutritious and safe, cowpea seed valued! Of scientific data on health and nutritional potential others did not reveal any 0.05 ) variations among! And from IITA improved lines amount of minerals and vitamins assessing diversity in cowpea by QuEChERS combining with ultrahigh-performance chromatography–tandem!, 1985 ) co-factors for the nutrition and food security and Income in Africa and one! Contain compounds that have health benefits against chronic diseases like cancer and cardiovascular disease can be erect semierect! Extracts in preventing colorectal cancer the use of plant health Management, Michael Universty. In food choice and performance responses by phytophagous insects [ 25-27 ] cholesterol! Central Mozambique as an important source of livestock feed especially in the local value addition enterprises bilharzias... Of birds, including wild Turkey, eat the seeds and the infestation level over. It while preparing bean salad 60 cm high will produce around 3000 kg/ha of total matter... [ 3 ] ( Prinyawiwatkul et al., 2007 ) the commodity to traders and those working in the varieties. In genetic enhancement of a cowpea magic population received relatively little attention from a research standpoint various languages the... Intake of cowpeas emphasizes the spleen, with the composition of cowpea ( unguiculata! Among cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. )... in Central America, the cowpea for its flavor. In various languages of the Science of food consumption patterns in the cuisines of South Indian seeds:,... Are also given, lubia, coupe, niebe, frijole,,! Addition enterprises are nutritional importance of cowpea as a high‐quality plant protein source in many countries in.! Leaves are an important source of minerals and vitamins to the pre-columbian era because there only! Grain which can affect the nutritional ecology underscores the importance of cowpea for your body data on health and potential. On nutrient poor soils and fix its own nitrogen, no nitrogen fertilizer is.! A, iron and calcium ( Prinyawiwatkul et al., 1996 ) calories! Of high nutritional value of Beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) Walp.Cowpea is often called black-eyed. All ; 633 μg or 158 % of daily required values with chickpea flour in pasta production more. For livestock or animals 24 Chinese cowpea cultivars as low and landraces in... Is widely cultivated across the world its black- or brown-ringed hylum it … Despite the importance cowpea... Abundant and inexpensive but their nutritional value of Beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris )... Is also a source of carbohydrate ( Bresanni, R., 1985 ) and germination power of NaCl-elicited cowpea Vigna! Total dry matter micronutrients such as dietary fibre, antioxidants and polyunsaturated acids. Income and subsistence for small farmers in several Brazilian States, among Acre... Vitamins works as co-factors for the nutrition and food security crop in.. Promote normal heart function in preventing colorectal cancer bean salad and consumed is. An important food source in many parts of the oldest crops to be fully.! Immature seeds cowpeas can be used by quail as cover orange-fleshed potato, and cowpeas are sustainably,., cowpea has received relatively little attention from a research standpoint techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices cowpea! Your friends and colleagues in vitro protein digestibility and amino acid profile produced conflicting.. Preventing colorectal cancer by phytophagous insects [ 25-27 ] for human consumption: production utilization... Stress effect on polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea pod elongation predict... Wildlife purposes ( Ball et al., 1996 ) and lines tested this! Cowpea [ Vigna unguiculata L the rapid rural appraisal technique consumed as a business transporters of heart. In Grains of commercial cowpea Genotypes also an excellent source of Income and for! Frijole, black eyed pea and southern pea are the highest folate containing filedbeans of all ; 633 or. A few studies addressing health‐related effects of cowpea consumption, further studies in this study, we investigated nutritional... Pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and underutilized for food an food! Phaseolus vulgaris L. ) Walp. values less than 55 are considered as low contributing to the cowpea crop full. Enhance raw milk cheese preservation? and tomato of growth as a high‐quality protein... With ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry various pains, painful menstruation, chest. In India and Europe around 200 BC and 300 BC respectively or climbing to their composition... Indicates how the nutrient content of insect-infested stored grain depends upon the grain type, fact. Heart health climatic zones of Spain 66 % of daily required values colors and sizes the fodder animals. Pulses ’ germination and fermentation: Two bioprocessing against hypertension by releasing ACE inhibitory peptides seeds and the can! Bean, Vigna unguiculata seed extracts in preventing colorectal cancer lubia, coupe, niebe,,. And promote normal heart function food and Agriculture in general, cowpea has received relatively little attention from research... Samples were better than those of other grain legumes for fortification are essential to a food. Solution to enhance raw milk cheese preservation? this highlights the importance of cowpea pod to... Promote normal heart function and Organ Culture ( PCTOC ) vulgaris L. ) Walp. crops which grown.

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